Korea Customs Service
As early as
in the 15th Century, during the reign of King SEJONG, Korea began Customs
administration by opening three of her ports to foreign vessels. This
tradition was carried on and led to the establishment of the first Customs
at Dumojin, Busan at an early stage of the nation's modernization in 1878.
However, the development of Customs administration in the nation was
impaired by the military and political intervention of foreign powers
between 1910 and 1948. With the launch of the independent government of the
Republic of Korea on August 15, 1948; the Customs Bureau was created in the
Ministry of Finance. Then in 1970, the Korea Customs Service (KCS) was
established as an independent organization to meet an increasing demand for
effective Customs administration that could keep up with the growing trade
volume and the number of passengers. Still, under the Government
Organization Act, Customs and Tariff Bureau of the Ministry of Finance and
Economy (MOFE) provides the KCS with ample support through its three
divisions: Customs Policy Division, Industry & Tariff Division, and
International Customs Cooperation Division.
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