Morning dress consists of:
(US:vest), which may be single- or double-breasted,
a pair of formal
a stiff white
(some people, particularly at weddings,
A black silk or grey
which may be omitted
kid may also be worn.
The coat is usually black, in which case
the trousers will almost always be grey
striped. Alternatively, a morning suit of
grey coat, waistcoat and trousers can be
worn. The latter is especially popular on
the Thursday of the
Royal Ascot race meeting.
The waistcoat was for many years almost
always grey, with buff or white as alternatives.
Nowadays coloured and patterned waistcoats
are sometimes seen, but these are really
only suitable for weddings. A black waistcoat
is the most formal option, being worn for
funerals, memorial services and with
academic dress. Sometimes a white slip,
an under-waistcoat just showing inside the
top opening of the waistcoat, is worn.
The trousers should not have turn-ups,
and should have one pleat to each leg. Braces
should be worn to prevent the waistband
from appearing beneath the waistcoat.
The shirt should have double cuffs fastened
It would normally, and most formally, be
white, but if a coloured or striped shirt
is worn, the cuffs should ideally be white.
A white stiff collar is worn, normally of
the plain turned-down variety, though with
an Ascot a wing collar is worn.
Previously, a grey or (if at a funeral)
black tie was obligatory. Now all colours
Shoes should be of the traditional,
Oxford type, black, and highly polished
Spats were once frequently seen with
morning dress, but are now rarely worn.