A stevedore is a person who works
at loading or unloading a
North America this occupation is called
longshoreman, which is derived from
a contraction of the word or phrase for
a person who is along the shore, that is,
an along-the-shore-man. This job
involves more than mere labouring. It is
skilled work that requires operation of
loading equipment, the proper packing and
unpacking techniques for
and the correct handling of hazardous materials.
In earlier days stevedores had to tie down
cargoes with rope. A special form of stop
knot is called the
stevedore's knot. The methods of securely
tying up parcels of goods is called stevedore
lashing or stevedore knotting.
While packing a vessel, a stevedore will
employ dunnage, which are pieces
of wood set down to keep the cargo out of
any water that might be lying in the hold
or are placed as shims between cargo crates
to keep them from shifting during a voyage.
Because they work outdoors in all types
of weather, these workers adopted a type
has a snug fit, is warm, and is easily put
away in a pocket. These are a type of
or watch cap called variously stevedore's
cap or stevedore's hat.
Today a commercial stevedoring company
is one that is involved in shipping logistics
between sea and land transport.
Famous ex-stevedores include
Artie Lange (although he refers to himself
as an ex-longshoreman).
Two unions within the
AFL-CIO represent longshoremen in the
United States: the
International Longshoremen's Association,
which represents longshoremen on the east
coast, on the Great Lakes and connected
waterways and along the Gulf of Mexico,
International Longshore and Warehouse Union,
which represents longshoremen along the
west coast, in Hawai'i and Alaska, and,
through an affiliate, in Canada.
the definition of a stevedore varies from
port to port. In some ports, only the highly
skilled master of a loading gang is referred
to as a "stevedore".