Yarn is a long continuous length of interlocked
fibers, suitable for use in the production
Yarn can be made from any number of
natural fibers. Very thin yarn is referred to as
Yarns are made up of any number of plys, each
ply being a single
thread these threads being twisted (plied) together to make the final yarn.
In some cases, thread may be
monofilament, in which case it is a single fiber. The only natural fiber
that is counted as monofilament is
Yarn is manufactured by either a spinning or air texturizing (commonly
referred to as taslanizing) process.
Yarn manufacturing was one of the very first processes that was industrialized.
Yarn used for
fabric manufacture is made by
spinning short lengths various types of
fibers. Synthetic fibers which have high strength,
artificial lusture, and fire retardant
qualities are blended with
natural fibers which have good water absorbance
and skin comforting qualities ,in different proportions to manufacture yarn
for fabric. The most widely used blends are cotton-polyster
Yarn is usually measured by weight. In the United States, balls of yarn
are usually sold in three-ounce, four-ounce, six-ounce, and eight-ounce
skeins. In Europe the units used by textile engineers is often tex. This
is grams per kilometer. Many other units have been used during the last
centuries each industry creating its own for internal purposes and these
escaping into the public domain.