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pith helmet topee or a lightweight helmet-shaped hat made of pith
placket multiple layers of fabric that
are used to attach buttons to button holes, which in turn creates the opening &
closer for shirts.
plaid a twilled woolen fabric with a tartan pattern;
a fabric with a pattern of tartan or an imitation of tartan. A rectangular
length of tartan worn over the left shoulder as part of the Scottish national
costumeplain weave is made by weaving one weft yarn over and under
each warp yarn, alternating each row. It is the most common type of weave.
plastisols plastisols come in a variety of colors and styles;
process colors, low-fusion, highly elastic, color concentrates, color-matching
systems, puff, fluorescent, glier, metallic, high density... Plastisols
print on lights and darks and every color shade in between. They are generally
easy to fuse in most commercial heaters and dryers, whether convection hot
air or infrared emission is the source of heat. Plastisol is time and temperature
reacting and generally has a wide window of thermal exposure latitude. Therefore,
they are easy to gel under most flash units.
There are two primary ingredients in a plastisol ink (resin and plasticizer).
The resin is a solid particle of vinyl and the plasticizer is a syrupy liquid.
When the two are mixed, the plasticizer begins to solvate the surface of
the vinyl particles
plastron a metal breastplate formerly worn under the hauberk
platform a shoe having a platform sole, namely a usually thick
layer between the inner sole and outer sole of a shoe
platinum a moderate gray.
playsuit a sports and play outfit for women and children that
consists usually of a blouse and shorts
playwear informal clothing worn for leisure activities.
Generally thought of when referring to children's clothing. The only
adults that wear playwear are generally members of the Apparel Search Company.
After all, we are very childish.
pleat a fold in cloth made by doubling
the material upon itself and then pressing or stitching it into place.
plimsolls [British] lightweight canvas shoes with rubber soles;
could be made from any fine material,
e.g. organdy, lawn, etc. Treated with a caustic soda solution or sodium
hydroxide solution which shrinks parts of the goods either all over or in
stripes giving a blistered effect. Similar to seersucker in appearance.
This crinkle may or may not be removed after washing. This depends
on the quality of the fabric. It does not need to be ironed,
but if a double thickness, such as a hem, needs a little, it should be done
after the fabric is thoroughly dry. Often it is called wrinkle crepe
and may be made with a wax/shrink process (the waxed parts remain free of
shrinkage and cause the ripples)
is an acronym for Product Lifecycle Management.
A business strategy that helps
fashion companies share product data, apply common
processes, and leverage corporate knowledge for the development of
clothing, textiles or trimming from conception
to retirement, across the extended enterprise. By
including all company departments, business partners, suppliers, OEM, and
customers, PLM enables the entire
team to operate as a single entity to conceptualize,
design, build, and support products.
plug hat a man's stiff hat, as a bowler or top hat
plum a dark reddish purple
(the color of the fruit; plum....)
plummy having a plum color.
plush a fabric with an even pile longer
and less dense than velvet pile.
pocket-handkerchief a handkerchief carried in the pocket
poet sleeve full sleeve which is gathered in at the wrist
pointelle a fabric with a pointelle design,
namely an openwork design (as in knitted fabric) typically in the shape
d'esprit first made in France
in 1834. Dull surfaced net with various sized holes. Has white
or colored dots individually spaced or in groups. Used for curtains, bassinettes,
evening gowns. Weave: Leno, gauze, knotted, or mesh.
polo coat a tailored overcoat
made especially of tan camel's hair often having stitched edges and a half-belt
on the back
polonaise an elaborate overdress
with a short-sleeved fitted waist and a draped cutaway overskirt
a close-fitting knit shirt with short or long sleeves and
turnover collar or banded neck
polymer the chemical solution from which man-made
fibers are spun
a textile fiber developed by Professor Guilio Natt, consultant to the largest
chemical producer in Italy (largest at the time), Montecatini Societa Generale
Inustria Mineraria e Chimica Anonima. It is obtained from propylene gas,
a by product of oil refining. The fiber may be used for satiny silk-like
fabrics or for heavy wool-like yarns with strengths comparable with nylon.
The fiber melts at 348 degrees Fahrenheit and cloth made from it can not
polyvinyl chloride (PVC)
is a widely-used plastic. In terms of revenue generated, it is one of the
most valuable products of the chemical industry. Globally, over 50% of PVC
manufactured is used in construction. As a building material PVC is cheap,
and easy to assemble.
a fabric with a nubby or coarsely looped surface that resembles a poodle's
coat, also called poodle cloth.
cotton, wool, and other textile fibres. Crosswise rib.
The filling is cylindrical. Two or three times as many warp as weft
per inch. Has a more pronounced filling effect than broadcloth.
It is mercerized and has quite a high lustre. It may be bleached,
or dyed (usually vat dyes are used) or printed. Heavy poplin is given
a water-repellent finish for outdoor use. Originally made with silk
warp and a heavier wool filling. Some also mildew-proof, fire-retardant,
and some given a suede finish. American cotton broadcloth shirting
is known as poplin in Great Britain.
a strong reddish orange.
poncho a blanket with a slit
in the middle so that it can be slipped over the head and worn as a sleeveless
garment; a waterproof garment resembling a poncho and having an integral
thin soft fabric woven from raw silk or an imitation in cotton,
polyester, or rayon. Originally from China and originally woven on
hand looms in the home. Light or medium weight. Tan or ecru
in colour. Woven "in the gum". Some is dyed, but color
is not quite uniform. Some printed. Warp is finer and more even
than filling. Nubs or irregular cross ribs produced by uneven
yarns. It is woven from wild tussah silk and it is a "raw silk".
Pongee cotton is made of combed yarns and given a variety of finishes
porkpie hat a hat with a
low telescoped crown, flat top, and brim turned up all around or up in back
and down in front
postiche wig, especially
pot hat a hat with a stiff
crown, especially a derby
pourpoint a padded
and quilted doublet
a pale blue.
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