World Markets for Spun Yarns : Forecasts to 2010  - Textiles Intelligence for the Apparel Industry & Textile Industry
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Spun yarns are used worldwide in a wide range of textiles, apparel and other manufactured products. With a total output of 28 million tons, spun yarns satisfy more than half the needs of the global textile and clothing industry. Furthermore, the market is growing. Between 2000 and 2010 the demand for spun yarns worldwide is forecast to rise by almost 25%. Growth will not, however, be evenly spread. Spinning capacity is increasingly shifting towards developing economies as investors install new machinery in lower cost regions. Asian countries in particular stand to benefit the most in the medium term. In developed and newly industrialized countries, on the other hand, spinners are highly vulnerable to growing imports of "downstream" textiles and apparel. Spinners also face growing competition from filament yarns and nonwovens. But many producers in developed economies are managing to remain competitive. Italy still has a buoyant spinning sector, despite its high labour costs. Some spinners are employing economies of scale while others are using state-of-the-art technology to minimize their dependence on expensive labor. Electronic monitoring and control systems help to improve productivity, speed, quality and flexibility. Many spinners are developing skills in design and innovation - often using new and innovative fiber to differentiate their products from those of their competitors. All spinners, however, will face a major challenge over the next few years as quotas restricting international textile and clothing trade are eliminated. Spinners in advanced economies will increasingly be forced to move closer to centres of textile and apparel production in order to be able to offer quick response and lower prices.

Table of Contents

CHAPTER 1: EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Introduction
Spinning capacity
Fibre consumption
Technological change
Properties and uses of spun yarns
Fibre quality
Impact of downstream process developments
Costs of production
The global market for spun yarns
Future prospects
CHAPTER 2: SPINNING CAPACITY
Short staple spinning
Ring spindles
Open end rotors
Long staple spinning
Machinery vintages
General trends
Short staple spindles
Open end rotors
Long staple spindles
CHAPTER 3: FIBRE CONSUMPTION
Consumption by region and country
Trends in fibre consumption by fibre type
Short-term trends
Long-term trends
Distribution of fibre consumption by fibre type and region
Inter-fibre competition
Market shares
Using blends to improve product performance
Changes in end uses
Product innovations
Improvements in fibre performance
Changes in income levels
Changes in consumer preferences
Changes in relative fibre prices
CHAPTER 4: TECHNOLOGICAL CHANGE IN THE SPINNING PROCESS
Impact of technological change
Short staple spinning
Preparation
Ring spinning
Rotor spinning
Air-jet spinning
Other spinning systems
Long staple spinning
Preparation
Worsted and semi-worsted spinning
Woollen spinning
CHAPTER 5 PROPERTIES AND UTILISATION OF SPUN YARNS
Short staple spun yarns
Yarn quality
Productivity
Ring spun yarns
Rotor yarns
Compact spun yarns
Air-jet yarns
Long staple spun yarns
CHAPTER 6 FIBRE QUALITY
Introduction
Physical properties
Surface character
Quality and consistency
 
CHAPTER 7 IMPACT OF DOWNSTREAM PROCESS DEVELOPMENTS
Warp yarn preparation
Weaving
Machine types
Machine innovations
Impact on yarn specifications
Knitting
Machine innovations
Impact on yarn specifications
Dyeing and finishing
Developments in technology and productivity
Environmental issues
CHAPTER 8 COSTS OF PRODUCTION
Short staple spinning
Cost comparison: ring spinning versus rotor spinning
Cost comparison: ring spinning versus rotor spinning in developed and developing countries
Long staple spinning
Worsted system
Woollen system
Cost comparisons between countries
Developed countries
Developing countries
CHAPTER 9 THE MARKET FOR SPUN YARNS IN EUROPE
Introduction
Production of spun yarns in Europe
Western Europe: trends by fibre type
Outlook
Western Europe: production of spun yarns by process
Short staple spinning
Long staple spinning
Western Europe: trade in spun yarns
Cotton spun yarns
Synthetic spun yarns
Wool spun yarns
Cellulosic spun yarns
Western Europe: consumption of spun yarns
Consumption by processing sector
Consumption by end use and fibre type
Western Europe: forecasts of demand to 2010 by end use sector
Woven cotton-type fabrics for apparel
Woven wool-type fabrics
Woven furnishing and household fabrics
Knitted outerwear
Knitted underwear
Carpets
Western Europe: competitive factors
Spun yarns versus filament yarns
Spun yarns versus non-spun products
Natural fibres versus man-made fibres
Eastern Europe: production capacity
Trends in spinning capacity
Production capacities by country
Eastern Europe: production of spun yarns
Trends in mill fibre consumption
Production by country
Eastern Europe: trade in spun yarns
Eastern Europe: consumption of spun yarns
Eastern Europe: forecasts to 2010
Turkey
Introduction
Production capacity
Spun yarn production
Trade in spun yarns
Spun yarn consumption
Forecasts to 2010
CHAPTER 10 THE MARKET FOR SPUN YARNS IN RUSSIA AND OTHER CIS COUNTRIES
Introduction
Russia
Introduction
Mill fibre consumption
Spun yarn production
Spun yarn consumption
Outlook
Other CIS countries
Introduction
Spun yarn production
Outlook
CHAPTER 11 THE MARKET FOR SPUN YARNS IN ASIA
China
Introduction
Production capacity
Spun yarn production
Trade in spun yarns
Spun yarn consumption
Outlook
India
Introduction
Production capacity
Spun yarn production
Trade in spun yarns
Spun yarn consumption
Outlook
Pakistan
Introduction
Production capacity
Spun yarn production
Trade in spun yarns
Spun yarn consumption
Outlook
Japan
Introduction
Production capacity
Spun yarn production
Trade in spun yarns
Spun yarn consumption
Outlook
South Korea
Introduction
Production capacity
Spun yarn production
Trade in spun yarns
Spun yarn consumption
Outlook
Taiwan
Introduction
Production capacity
Spun yarn production
Trade in spun yarns
Spun yarn consumption
Outlook
Indonesia
Introduction
Production capacity
Spun yarn production
Trade in spun yarns
Spun yarn consumption
Outlook
Thailand
Introduction
Production capacity
Spun yarn production
Trade in spun yarns
Spun yarn consumption
Outlook
Other Asian countries
Spun yarn production
Fibre types Outlook
CHAPTER 12: THE MARKET FOR SPUN YARNS IN THE AMERICAS
Brazil
Introduction
Production capacity
Spun yarn production
Trade in spun yarns
Spun yarn consumption
Outlook
Mexico
Introduction
Production capacity
Spun yarn production
Trade in spun yarns
Spun yarn consumption
Outlook
USA
Introduction
Production capacity
Spun yarn production
Trade in spun yarns
Spun yarn consumption
Outlook
CHAPTER 13: CONCLUSIONS AND FUTURE PROSPECTS
Dynamics of the market for spun yarns
Competitiveness
Technological advances Markets for spun yarns to 2010
 
APPENDIX 1
GLOSSARY
About the AuthorsThe report is based on research conducted by a spun yarns working group within the Brussels-based organisation CIRFS (Comit
International de la Rayonne et des Fibres Synth
tiques).

The members of the working group were:

  • Mr Frederic Bietrix of Tergal, France
  • Mr Iain Clegg of DuPontSA, UK
  • Mr Johann Leitner of Lenzing, Austria
  • Dr Stefano Minetti of Nylstar, Italy
  • Mr Carlos Oliveira of Trevira Fibras, Portugal
  • Mr Roberto Presotto of Montefibre, Italy
  • Dr Francesco Prezzavento, a consultant previously with Montefibre, Italy
  • Mr Zdenek Spevacek of Spolana, Czech Republic
  • Mr Robin Thomas of Acordis, UK
  • Mr Mithat Okay of Aksa, Turkey

The report was written by David Morris and produced by Deborah Tunney of the CIRFS secretariat.

 

 
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The Textile Industry and Apparel Industry Reports in this section have been developed and maintained by Textile Intelligence.

Textiles Intelligence is a provider of global business information to the international fibre, textile and apparel industry. The company was formed in 1992 as a spin-off from the Economist Intelligence Unit and has customers in more than 60 countries spread across five continents. Textiles Intelligence publishes Textile Outlook International six times a year and Technical Textile Markets every quarter. It also offers over 30 in-depth research reports covering global sectors such as man-made fibres and nonwovens, geographical regions such as South East Asia and Eastern Europe and topics such as internationalisation and sourcing.

 

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