What if I fall asleep on the couch while wearing my sneakers, jeans, and
sweater? Sorry, jeans, sweaters, and sneakers are not technically
sleepwear even if you sleep in them.
sleepwear category of fashion includes clothes such as pajamas,
nightgown, sleep shirts, sleep pants, etc. In summary, sleepwear is
clothing worn to bed. The category of apparel can also be referenced as
nightclothes, nightdress, or nightwear. Technically, sleepwear is
different than loungewear, but can be extremely similar. Sleepwear is
clothes worn for sleeping and loungewear is clothing meant for lounging around
the home or possibly going outside the home. Generally speaking, sleepwear
would not be worn outside the home. We are not saying that it is never
worn outside, but we are saying that is not the norm.
includes the following primary categories:
babydoll a short, sometimes sleeveless, loose-fitting nightgown or negligee
for women, generally designed to resemble a young girl's nightgown. A
babydoll is a short, sometimes sleeveless, loose-fitting nightgown or negligee
intended as nightwear for women. It sometimes has formed cups called a bralette
for cleavage with an attached, loose-fitting skirt falling in length usually
between the upper thigh and the belly button. The garment is often trimmed with
lace, ruffles, appliques, marabou, bows, and ribbons, optionally with spaghetti
straps. Sometimes it is made of sheer or translucent fabric such as nylon or
chiffon or silk.
are a warm sleeping garment for infants and young children. The blanket
sleeper or footie pajama (similar to onesies) is a type of especially warm
sleeping garment worn primarily during the winter in cold weather locations.
The garment is worn especially by infants and young children. Typically,
but not always, the blanket sleeper consists of a loose-fitting, one-piece
garment of blanket-like material, enclosing the entire body except for the head
and hands. It represents an intermediate step between regular pajamas, and
bag-like coverings for infants such as buntings or infant sleeping bags.
can be worn on other occasions or as sleepwear. When used in reference to
sleepwear, it is a delicate, usually provocative, loose-fitting, sleeveless,
shirt-like lingerie, similar to babydoll, but tighter at the hips. The
term chemise or shift can refer to the classic smock, or else can refer to
certain modern types of women's undergarments and dresses. In the classical use
it is a simple garment worn next to the skin to protect clothing from sweat and
body oils, the precursor to the modern shirts commonly worn in Western nations.
Chemise is a French term (which today simply means shirt).
is loose, sensuous nightwear for women usually made of sheer or semi-translucent
fabrics and trimmed with lace or other fine material, and bows. The negligee or
négligée, from the French: négligé, literally meaning "neglected", known in
French as déshabillé, is a form of see-through women's clothing consisting of a
sheer usually long dressing gown. It is a form of nightgown intended for wear
at night and in the bedroom. It was introduced in France in the 18th century,
where it mimicked the heavy head-to-toe style of women's day dresses of the
are loose hanging nightwear for women, typically made from cotton, silk, satin,
or nylon. A nightgown, nightie or nightdress is a loosely hanging item of
nightwear, almost exclusively worn by women. A nightgown may be decorated with
lace appliqués, embroidery or other
embellishments at the bust and hem. A nightgown may have any
neckline, and may have
sleeves of any type, or be sleeveless, and any shoulder strap or back
style. The length of a nightgown may vary from hip-length to floor-length. A
short nightgown can be called a "shortie" or a "babydoll", depending on the
style. The sweep (taper from top to bottom) of the night gown can vary from
virtually straight, to full circle sweep. A slip nightgown may be used as a
nightgown or as a full slip. Nightgowns may be worn with a matching outer
garment, a robe,
sheer chiffon peignoir or dressing gown, to make them appropriate for receiving
nightshirt is a garment intended for wear while sleeping. It is longer than
most regular shirts, reaching down to the thighs or below the knees, leaving
some of the legs uncovered. It is generally loose-fitting to avoid restricting
the wearer's movement while sleeping. Nobles in the 16th century wore
embroidered shirts or "wrought night-shirts". By the 19th century the
night-shirt resembled a day-shirt with a loose, turned-down collar, or a loose,
ankle-length nightgown was worn. Nightshirts are occassionally worn in the 20th
and 21st centuries by women as well as men.
is a warm cloth cap sometimes worn by women or men with pajamas or a nightgown
(this is completely different than the night cap drink which is drinking alcohol
at night). The nightcap is sleepwear for the head.
and other all-in-one footed sleepsuits worn by adults or children. A
onesie is essentially a pajama that is made in one piece (not a separate top and
bottom). They usually would have an attached sock like portion to cover
the feet. They are often (but not always) made with some sort of gripping
at the bottom of the feet to help reduce slippage when walking on wood floors or
other slippery surfaces such as bathroom tiles. Onesies are also made for
infants which would be a bit different than adult onesies.
are loose fitting two-piece garments for women, men and
children. They may be made from cotton, silk, satin or synthetic materials (or
blended fibers). Often shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams or jammies.
PJ’s are loose-fitting, two-piece garments derived from the original garment
and worn chiefly for sleeping, but sometimes also for lounging. More
generally, pyjamas may refer to several garments, for both daywear and
nightwear, derived from traditional pajamas and involving variations of style
a long outer garment for women usually sheer and made of chiffon. They are
usually sold with a matching nightgown, negligee or
of clothing are commonly worn for sleeping, but not exclusively so,
including t-shirts, tank
tops, sweatpants and gym shorts as well as various
types of underwear. Also, sleeping without any clothing is
not totally uncommon. However, “no clothes" is technically not
Seasonal considerations for sleepwear:
Nightwear which as discussed is also called sleepwear, nightclothes, or
nightdress is clothing designed to be worn while sleeping. As you are most
likely aware, some people in the world are going to bed tonight in cold weather
and others are going to be in warm weather. The sleepwear that we wear to
bed should take the climate into account. The style of nightwear worn may
vary with the seasons. For example, short sleeves in the summer (warm
climates) and long sleeves in the winter (cold climates). If someone is
spending the winter in Alaska, they would most likely want to go to sleep in a
warm garment. If you live in hot conditions, you may want to go to bed in
a light weight tank top and a
pair of panties
(if you are a women) pair of briefs if you are a man.
addition to changing silhouettes based on seasonal or regional conditions, it is
important to carefully select an appropriate fiber and fabric weight.
Different textile fibers and fabrics are selected based on their unique
properties or weights. For example, wool is good in cold weather and silk
or cotton is often comforting in hotter weather.
Warmer styles & fabrics can be worn in colder conditions and cooler fabrics and
lighter weight fabrics worn in warmer climates. Although not always displayed on
the runway at fashion week events, the sleepwear industry does often create a
fall/winter & spring/summer collections.
spring collections may contain light weight plain weave fabrics and the winter
collection may contain
flannel pajamas, waffle
knits, fleece, etc.
Important considerations regarding children’s sleepwear:
When it comes to children, safety is always very critical. The human
condition is set to understand that taking extra care to make sure children are
safe is of huge importance. Although we care for adults, a child’s welfare
is most critical in the minds of most adults. The U.S. Consumer Product
Safety Commission has wisely created special rules for children’s sleepwear.
22 December 2011, the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) issued a
letter to manufacturers, distributors, importers and retailers reminding the
apparel industry of the enforcement policy and their obligations associated with
children’s sleepwear and loungewear.
Commission’s regulations define the term children’s sleepwear to include any
product of wearing apparel (in sizes 0-14), such as nightgowns, pajamas, or
similar or related items, such as robes, intended to be worn primarily for
sleeping or activities related to sleeping, except: (1) diapers and underwear;
(2) infant garments, sized for a child nine months of age or younger; and
tight-fitting garments that meet specific maximum dimensions.
children’s sleepwear and loungewear sold in the US are required to comply with
the Flammable Fabrics Act (FFA) using the standards for Flammability of
Children’s Sleepwear 16 C.F.R. Parts 1615 and 1616. Moreover, they have to
comply with the Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act of 2008 (CPSIA)
requirements including tracking labels, a certificate of compliance, meeting
requirements for lead content and surface coatings, and meeting requirements for
Visit the U.S.
Consumer Product Safety Commission for the most recent rules, regulations
and suggestions regard children’s sleepwear.
Children’s Sleepwear Regulations1, 16 C.F.R. Parts 1615 & 1616
U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission sets national flammability safety
standards for children's sleepwear to protect children from burn injuries if
they come in contact with ignition sources, such as a match or space heater.
Under federal safety rules, all children's sleepwear garments sold in sizes
larger than nine months must be flame resistant or tight-fitting.
Children’s Sleepwear Safety (CPSC)
Children’s Sleepwear Testing
addition to understanding the rules, if you plan to manufacture kids sleepwear,
we strongly suggest you do the appropriate fabric & garment testing at qualified
labs. Also, do NOT rely on the information that you find on our website or
other websites. We suggest that you consult directly with the U.S.
Consumer Product Safety Commission in case any information posted here is
What about sexy sleepwear?
Some styles or materials are selected to be visually appealing or erotic in
addition to their functional purposes of being utilized for sleeping.
Technically sleepwear is different than lingerie (underwear). There are
clearly grey areas between the various categories.
What is the proper category?
Determining the difference between sleepwear, loungewear, and underwear can
potentially be confusing.
Garments such as nightgowns or pajamas are worn for bedtime and sleeping so it
makes sense that they are sleepwear. Lounge pants are worn for lounging
around but are very often worn to sleep. Some may say that lingerie is
worn for bedtime, but not necessarily for sleeping. Although lingerie and
panties are often worn to sleep, they may technically fall into the category of
underwear rather than sleepwear.
Sorry, this page was not written to explain the legal differences between these
categories. If you wish to learn the HTS Codes and proper duty
classifications, you unfortunately need to continue your research in the
customs section of Apparel Search.
the 1990s, a category of products called “loungewear" was introduced into the
CPSC staff views children's “loungewear," or other similar garments marketed
as comfort wear, as garments worn primarily for sleep-related activities.
Therefore, “loungewear" must comply with the children's sleepwear standards.
Note: if you are a clothing importer and you are interested in the “category" in
regard to customs clearance and duty rates, you should absolutely consult
directly with a
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