What is a bumper crop?
In agriculture, a "bumper crop" refers to a particularly productive
harvest yielded for a particular crop. The origins of this term have
their roots in the 1700s, when people started to refer to extremely
large swellings as "bumpers." A bumper crop was a harvest which was so
large that it swelled the baskets and containers used to ship
things to market.
Example of the word in use: "With all the rain we've had over the last
few months, we are expecting a bumper crop this year."
Let's use cotton as an example. If we hear that cotton is having a
bumper crop this year, it typically means that there would be a good
supply (in that particular area of the world). It is important to
keep in mind that cotton is part of an international marketplace.
If cotton is having a good harvest in one part of the world, it may be
having a not so good year in another part of the world. When
attempting to evaluate
cotton prices or availability be cautious to investigate the local
and international crops.
The term bumper crop is used for other textile fibers that are also
cultivated from plants. Obviously, there is no need for the term
in regard to textile fibers that are manmade such as Polyester, Rayon,
Bumper Crops Effect on Pricing
If crop yields have been minimal in prior years, farmers may be able to
secure a very high price for their crops. If low crop yields are
followed by a year with a high output of crop the farmer will reap great
reward because of the high pricing in the market. Conversely, prices
may be lower in the following year due to the glut. Cleary the
pricing is based in large part by supply and demand.
You may also want to learn
about natural fibers in our textile industry terms section.