Textile News Directory
Wool is the textile fiber obtained from sheep
and other animals, including cashmere and mohair from goats, qiviut
from muskoxen, angora from rabbits, and other types of wool from
camelids. Wool is a fabulous textile. Did you know that
wool fibers readily absorb moisture, but are not hollow. Wool can
absorb almost one-third of its own weight in water. The most
amazing part is that it can retain heat even while wet. Wool's
scaling and crimp make it easier to spin the fleece by helping the
individual fibers attach to each other, so they stay together. Because
of the crimp, wool fabrics have greater bulk than other textiles,
and they hold air, which causes the fabric to retain heat.
Wool has a high specific heat coefficient, so it impedes heat transfer
in general. This effect has benefited desert peoples, as Bedouins
and Tuaregs use wool clothes for insulation. If you are planning
on going snowboarding or playing outside in the winter, going with
a wool sweater would be a fantastic idea.
Industry News: The Sheep Industry News is a monthly publication
of the American Sheep Industry Association. Each month, relevant
stories about the industry are brought to our members.
Wool News: Standard Wool is a global group of companies which
sources, processes and supply‚s quality wool and its by-products
to its worldwide customer base. The company‚s origins date back
to the 18th century and they now have trading and sourcing facilities
in the United Kingdom, Chile, China and New Zealand. The firm is
headquartered in Bradford, West Yorkshire, United Kingdom.
Trading News (Australia): Techwool Trading is an Australian
family owned wool company, through and through. The company supplies
wool to over 100 textile mills worldwide, from combing to carding
to carbonising and fabric making operations.
WoolMark News: The Woolmark Company is the global authority
on wool. Through their extensive network of relationships spanning
the international textile and fashion industries, they highlight
Australian wool‚s position as the ultimate natural fibre and premier
ingredient in luxury apparel.
WOOLNEWS.net is a monthly on-line newsletter that brings the latest
news from major wool producing countries such as Australia, New
Zealand, South Africa, China, UK and Uruguay.
Textile Fiber News
Learn a bit about shearing and a few other important tips if you
want to be a true expert on wool. Sheep shearing is the process
by which the woolen fleece of a sheep is cut off. After shearing,
the wool is separated into four main categories: fleece (which makes
up the vast bulk), broken, bellies, and locks. The quality of fleeces
is determined by a technique known as wool classing, whereby a qualified
person called a wool classer groups wools of similar grading together
to maximize the return for the farmer or sheep owner. In Australia
before being auctioned, all Merino fleece wool is objectively measured
for micron, yield (including the amount of vegetable matter), staple
length, staple strength, and sometimes color and comfort factor.
The sheep is given a dip in antiseptic solution after shearing,
so as to cure the wounds caused during shearing. The quality
of wool is determined by its fiber diameter, crimp, yield, color,
and staple strength. Fiber diameter is the single most important
wool characteristic determining quality and price. Wool is
also separated into grades based on the measurement of the wool's
diameter in microns and also its style. These grades may vary depending
on the breed or purpose of the wool.