Containers CBM divided by the individual carton dimensions (in CBM)
Calculation: CBM is
calculated : Length x Width x Height
If the carton measurements are in "Centimeters", you need to convert
them to METERS (Keep in mind that the "M" in CBM,
stands for "meters"). Obviously, if the measurements are in inches
or yards, you first should convert to centimeters or meters.
Convert the carton measurements
that are listed in centimeters to CUBIC METERS?
There are two options to convert. You can
calculate the volume in cubic centimeters and then convert to cubic
meters, or you can convert centimeters
to meters and then calculate the volume.
Option # 1: As an example, if the
carton measures 100 cm x 150 cm x 200 cm it will equal 3,000,000
cubic centimeters. Since there are one
million cubic centimeters per cubic meter, you have 3,000,000
divided by 1,000,000 which equals 3 cubic
If in "centimeters"
take L x W x H and then divide by 1,000,000 to get Cubic Meters.
Option # 2: The second option is that
you could have converted to meters first. In that case, 100 cm =
1.00 m; 150 cm = 1.50 m; and 200 cm = 2.00 m Therefore, the CBM
volume is 1.00 meters x 1.50 meters x 2.00 meters =
3 cubic meters.
When determining how many cartons will fit into a container, you
will need to know the CBM for both the cartons AND the container.
And yes, if you have cartons of multiple sizes, the calculations is
more tricky (I am not going to explain how that is done).
Re: The CBM of the
measurements of the outside of a freight container does NOT equal
the size of the insider of the container. So, I guess calculating
the CBM from the outside measurements would not be the exact
answer. I suggest asking the freight company that you are working
with to determine the CBM that they quote. Keep in mind to ask for
the specific container size. Common containers are 20 foot, 40 foot
and 40 foot HQ (High Cube).
Actual loading will depend on accurate calculations based on how the
items are loaded in the container and whether the dimensions of the
cartons leave unusable space. Load factors will vary based on carton
size and how they are stowed inside the containers. Also, not all
containers are the same exact size.
cubic inch = 0.000016387064
You may also have
interest in checking the
definitions section. In that area, you can find valuable
educational material regarding the importing and exporting of
apparel and textiles. In addition, it would be a good idea to
Calculating Volumetric Weight and
If you need help with
your shipments, you may wish to consult a
freight forwarder. You
can find them from our directory, or consult a
association for possible suggestions.