What does appliqué mean?
A decorative design made of one piece of fabric
sewn on top of another.
On occasion the technique is used in conjunction
with embroidery. Using appliqué for portion of a design can reduce the
stitch count needed for an embroidery which can potentially reduce the
cost of manufacturing.
In its broadest sense, an appliqué is a smaller
ornament or device applied to another surface. The technique is very
common in regard to textiles and clothing, but can also be applied to
other materials for use in other industries. For example, in the
context of ceramics, an appliqué is a separate piece of clay added to
the primary work, generally for the purpose of decoration.
Appliqué is a sewing technique in which fabric
patches are layered on a foundation fabric, then stitched in place by
hand or machine with the raw edges turned under or covered with
decorative stitching. The term is borrowed from French and, in this
context, means "applied" or "thing that has been applied." From the
French appliquer, “to put on," appliqué is most often used to
embellish clothing or household linens. Like patchwork (piecing), it
is a method of constructing or embellishing quilts.
Appliqué is a surface pattern that is used to
decorate an aspect of a garment or product.
In the context of sewing, an appliqué refers to a
needlework technique in which patterns or representational scenes are
created by the attachment of smaller pieces of fabric to a larger piece
of contrasting color or texture. A famous example of appliqué is the
Appliqué is every designer's go-to when they want
to create an artisanal effect. It's especially prolific in couture.
In this sense, appliqué refers to using fabric
shapes/designs usually on the trim of a garment.
You may want to also read fashion blog posts about
embellishment techniques for clothing.
We hope this helps you better understand this
apparel industry term. If you have suggestions regarding how we
can improve the information above, please let us know.