Apparel Search has not conducted independent
testing on compression clothing or compression fabrics. Because we do
not have adequate knowledge in regard to health benefits or lack of such
benefits, please do not use the information on this page as an
authoritative source of health & fitness relevant issues. Some
companies claim benefits in regard to health or athletic performance,
but we are uncertain as to the official findings. We are simply
reporting on what we have heard or read in the market. The statements
made on this page are what we have heard and should not be treated
necessarily as facts. Please conduct further research regarding
the benefits of wearing compression fabric if you are doing so for
health issues. If you have an injury, you should most definitely
consult with your doctor for recommendations.
What is compression clothing?
Compression garments are one of the latest trends
to hit the performance gear market.
There are many types of compression garments that
serve a similar function, such as compression T-shirts, socks, sleeves,
pantyhose, and tights. Compression clothes and accessories provide
support that is especially useful for athletics, people who have to
stand for long periods, or people with poor circulation. The
garments can come in varying degrees of compression.
The main benefits of compression sportswear is that
it keeps the muscles warm to prevent muscle strain and fatigue, and wick
sweat away from the body to prevent chafing and rashes. In addition,
there has been statements from various apparel companies that
compression shorts may enhance athletic performance. Compression
clothing has been stated to improve athlete performance before, during
and after activity through improved circulation, muscle containment and
reduced muscle vibration.
Compression sportswear helps to keep
undergarments in place, and for certain sports, like baseball and
softball, come with padding at the hips to protect players from injuries
due to sliding. Compression sportswear is usually worn by
athletes. Compression garments may be shirts, shorts, tights,
bodysuits, or underwear. They are form-fitting garments often made from
a spandex-type material.
Compression stockings are specialized
hosiery designed to help prevent the occurrence of and guard against
further progression of various medical disorders.
Compression shorts and tights are
undergarments usually worn by athletes. They are form-fitting garments
and when worn, cover the athlete's waist to mid or lower thigh, similar
to cycling shorts. Good for male athletes that want to hold their
“blank" in place. More recently, jockstraps have declined in
popularity with young male athletes, and garments such as compression
shorts have seen an increase in popularity, arguably because of their
comparable function and less embarrassing looks. Many are available with
a "cup pocket", a sewn-in pocket that can hold a protective cup.
Compression shorts are also popular among female athletes, especially
among those who wear skirts or kilts during games. In those situations,
athletes wear compression shorts under the skirt so if they fall over
and their skirts ride up, their underwear will not be exposed. This is
seen particularly in women's lacrosse and field hockey (both being
no-contact sports in which players often wear skirts). In this
situation, compression shorts are colloquially identified as spandex
shorts. Women also wear compression shorts in tennis, where, most
recently, compression shorts have been produced with ball pockets for
convenience. There are also women's compression shorts for use before,
during and after pregnancy.
Pregnancy compression shorts supports upper
and lower abdominal muscles, Caesarean wounds and perineal stitches.
Consult your physician for suggestions.
Image: Tommie Copper brand.
What are benefits of compression clothes or
The benefits of wearing compression garments are:
Helping relieve pain from muscle stiffness and
Reducing the time taken for muscles to repair
When the right amount of compression is used (will
vary depending on body area, typically in the range of 10 to 25 mmHg),
improving venous return and oxygenation to working muscles.
News About Compression Clothing Benefits:
As per an article,
Is compression gear really effective? “Clinically, compression gear
is designed to deliver specific levels of pressure to the affected limb.
Typical pressure ranges are from 20 to 40 millimeters of mercury,
depending on the limb and the clinical indication." As with most
fitness apparel trends that come and go in sports, it is possible that
it will take a while for the science to catch up with the practice.
You may also want to read
The Compression Sportswear Craze in the Men’s Journal.
Can Compression clothing enhance your workouts? (New York Times)
Note: Apparel Search cannot confirm these benefits.
Here are a few examples of companies selling
2XU 2XU engineers the leading high performance compression
fabric (PWX) through rigorous independent testing with the world's top
athletes and research institutes, resulting in the most advanced
garments on the market.
Tommie Copper Tommie Copper was founded in 2010 with the simple goal
of helping people feel better. The comfortable compression apparel that
Tommie Copper™ designs has helped over one million people get back to
doing what they love. 100% of our proprietary fabric is copper
and zinc infused. CopperZnergy™ eliminates odors caused by microbes
on the fabric and offers UPF 50+ protection from the sun’s harmful UV
rays for skin health benefits.
The research they carry out in the garment development stages allows
them to keep pushing the boundaries of technology and compression
leading to the development of dynamic gradient compression, which
features in their A400 clothing, for example. The amount of
research published on the functional parameters of SKINS is unrivalled
within the sports compression wear industry. So far, ten studies carried
out using SKINS have been published in independently peer reviewed
medical journals. Published research of this kind has contributed
to SKINS being recommended and endorsed by the Australian Physiotherapy
Association and qualifying for registration as a therapeutic device by
the Australian Therapeutic Goods Administration.
Under Armour Men’s Compression /
Under Armour Women’s Compression
You may also want to view our
fitness apparel guide for women.