wader [Plural] high waterproof boots or a one-piece
waterproof garment usually consisting of pants with attached boots that
are used for wading, as when fishing
wadmal a coarse rough woolen
fabric formerly used
in the British Isles and Scandinavia for protective coverings and warm clothing.
wafflestomper a hiking
boot with a lug sole.
waist a garment or
part of a garment covering the body from the neck to the waistline or just
below; bodice; blouse
waistcoat an ornamental
garment worn under a doublet; [Chiefly British]
walker a walking
a moderate reddish brown.
warbonnet an American
Indian ceremonial headdress with a feathered extension down the back
a suit for exercise or casual wear comprising
a jacket or sweatshirt and pants. Often
used in plural; Also called, warm-up suit or athletic
suit or sweat suit]
warp the yarns that run the length of
the loom. The warp yarns are pulled through the loom as the weft or filling
yarns are woven across the warp to make the fabric.
warp knit a knit fabric produced
by machine with the yarns running in a lengthwise direction -- compare weft
watch cap a knitted
close-fitting usually navy-blue cap worn especially by enlisted men in the
US navy in cold or stormy weather
is an ancient art of making
fabric, with no new types of weaves having
been developed since 1747. The warp yarns and weft yarns are interlaced
(woven) with each other to make a fabric (vs. a knit where the yarns are
looped together). There are three basic weaving constructions.
Plain weave: The Plain Weave is made by weaving one weft
yarn over and under each warp
each row. It is the most common type of weave.
Twill weave: The twill weave is similar to a satin weave
in the sense that the loom is floating the warp or weft yarns over yarns
of the opposite direction, but with a twill the yarn is only passing
over two of the opposite yarns. A twill is distinctive by the diagonal
lines that appear in the fabic. A twill weave, like a satin weave, usually
results in a softer fabric than a plain weave. It is excellent for brushed
or napped cotton, and is superior for a feather pillow ticking because
of its strength.
Satin weave: the satin weave is made by "floating"
the warp or weft yarns across several yarns to bring them to the surface.
Bringing the yarns to the surface gives the fabric sheen because light
is reflected off the yarn surface, not absorbed by the intersections
of yarns such as in a plain weave.
Cambric: a plain weave construction, Cambric fabric is also
calendered (passed between rollers under heat and pressure) to give
the surface a shine. Originally made in Cambrai, France.
Sateen: a satin weave construction, usually made of mercerized
combed cotton, where the weave and quality of cotton give the fabric
a wonderful shine and softness.
Warp: the yarns that run the length of the loom. The warp
yarns are pulled through the loom as the weft or filling yarns are woven
across the warp to make the fabric.
Weft or Filling: The yarns that are woven across the loom,
with Weft being the English term and Filling being the American term.
The individual yarns are also known as Picks.
wedge a shoe having
a heel extending from the back of the shoe to the front of the shank and
a tread formed by an extension of the sole
wedgie a shoe having
a wedge-shaped piece serving as the heel and joining the half-sole to form
a continuous flat undersurface
weft or filling the yarns that are woven
across the loom, with Weft being the English term and Filling being the
American term. The individual yarns are also known as Picks.
a knit fabric produced in machine or hand knitting with
the yarns running crosswise or in a circle.
boot having a loose top with the front usually coming above the knee [Usually
used in plural]
Welt pocket An inset pocket with the lower
lip finished by an upstanding welt that may be from 3/8
wide. With two lips it is called a 'reece' pocket
wet suit a close-fitting
suit made of material, as sponge rubber, that traps a thin layer of water
against the body to retain body heat and that is worn, as by a skin diver,
especially in cold water. Surfers generally
wear wet suits when surfing. The suit protects the body from the board
as well as maintains body temperature.
wheat a light yellow.
wheaten a pale yellowish to ruddy fawn color
characteristic of the coat of some dogs.
whipcord a cloth that is made of hard-twisted
yarns and has fine diagonal cords or ribs.
whiskering (also whisker wash)
parallel horizontal distress marks on the upper thigh on the front of denim
jeans; replicates the natural wear of jeans from sitting down after long
periods of wear and use; actual whiskering originates from cowboys/ranchers
that would sit on their horses for long periods of time, and through wearing
and weathering creases on the upper thigh cause a lighter line or "whisker"
to appear; name comes from parallel appearance that has resemblance to animal
white the achromatic object color of greatest lightness
characteristically perceived to belong to objects that reflect diffusely
nearly all incident energy throughout the visible spectrum.
whites white clothing
Wholesale establishments, on the other hand,
are primarily engaged in selling or arranging the purchase or sale of: (a)
goods for resale, (b) capital or durable nonconsumer goods, and (c) raw
and intermediate materials and supplies used in production. Wholesalers
normally operate from a warehouse or office and are characterized by having
little or no display of merchandise. In addition, neither the design nor
the location of the premises is intended to solicit walk-in traffic. Wholesalers
also do not normally use advertising directed to the general public.
price cost for goods before retail
wig a manufactured
covering of natural or synthetic hair for the head
a cotton-ribbed sleeveless undershirts
(this is a slang expression sometimes used in the USA)
wigan a stiff plain-weave cotton fabric
used for interlining. A converted cotton cloth,
dyed black, brown or gray, and given a firm starched, plain calender finish
and used for interlinings in men's and boy's clothing to give body to the
wiglet a small wig
used especially to enhance a hairstyle
wimple a cloth covering
worn over the head and around the neck and chin especially by women in the
late medieval period and by some nuns.
windbreaker an outer
jacket made of wind-resistant material
windsor tie a broad
necktie usually tied in a loose bow
a dark red.
wing tip a
a wing tip, namely a toe cap having a point that extends back toward the
throat of the shoe and curving sides that extend toward the shank
cotton, rayon, worsted or woolen. Twill weave. Very much like
gabardine, but the yarn is bulkier and much more pronounced. The twill is
steep 63 degrees and goes from left to right (except for cotton). It is
very durable, rugged and stands hard usage and wear. In time, it shines
a bit with wear. Some times back is napped for warmth. So named because
it stimulates the lash of a whip.
wire cloth a
fabric of woven metallic
wire (as for strainers).
wool a woven fabric of wool, namely the
soft wavy or curly hypertrophied undercoat of various hairy mammals and
especially the sheep made of a matrix of keratin fibers and covered with
minute scales. A garment made of wool. The
term 'wool' refers to the
fibers from the fleece
of lambs, sheep, Cashmere goats, Angora goats, camels, llamas, alpacas,
and vicunas. Wool from sheep is the most common, lamb's wool is shorn from
sheep less than eight months old, and Merino wool is from a specific breed
that yields the finest and softest sheep wool. Mohair is the wool
of the Angora goat.
baa goats say
their voices are different. (Voices provided by
a fabric made of wool and especially of woolen yarns
having a fuzzy or napped face (as for use in clothing or blankets) -- compare
worsted. Garments of woolen fabric, namely a fabric made of wool
woolly a garment
made from wool, especially underclothing of knitted wool [usually used in
wool top also referred to as worsted top,
it is a continuous sliver from long, choice woolen fibers which are to be
manufactured ultimately into worsted yarn The combing operation takes out
the short fibers from the desired, choice stock.
a fabric made from worsted
yarn, namely a smooth
compact yarn from long
wool fibers used
especially for firm nap-less fabrics.
worsted-weight yarns these yarns knit to
a gauge of 4-1/2 to 5 stitches per inch on size 7, 8, or 9 US needles. These
yarns have approximately 850-1100 yards per pound. This category of yarns
is the main weight of yarns used to make sweaters, and contains some of
the yarns which are very fluffy like mohairs and angoras.
(this definition was kindly provided by Karen at
Red Meadow Fiber Arts)
Woven fabric has basically three weaves.
Twill Weave, plain weave and satin weave. All weaves, either simple,
elaborate or complex, are derived from these three weaves.
woven label the primary use
of a woven label is to identify the brand name of a garment. It is
generally placed on the inside neckline of a shirt or the inner waistband
of a pant. The label is occasionally referred to as a main label
or garment label. Fore example, the Apparel Search web site categorizes
these items as main labels. Woven labels are sometimes confused with
direct embroidery. This misconception could not be further from the
truth. Woven labels of any kind are constructed from yarn in the same
manner as any woven fabric. The background fabric is produced by combining
either white or black warp yarns running in the length of the label with
white, black or colored weft yarns running back and forth across the label's
width. The label's design is simultaneously woven into the ground
fabric by selectively inserting a colored design yarn across the warp in
place of the weft yarn used to construct the ground.
wrap an outer garment, as a coat or
wraparound a garment,
as a dress, made with a full-length opening and adjusted to the figure by
wrapper an article
of clothing worn wrapped around the body
intertwined into a circular shape, especially a garland or a chaplet
wristband a band
encircling the wrist. Generally use by athletes
for wiping sweat from the forehead.
wristlet a band encircling
the wrist, especially one that is close-fitting, knitted, and attached to
the top of a glove or end of a sleeve
Scottish] a warm undergarment; [Chiefly Scottish] petticoat
The Apparel Search Company does not want you to confuse "wyliecoat"
with Wile E. Coyote from the Warner Brothers cartoon. If there is
any confusion, you can contact us at ApparelSearch.com