Since the 1940s sunglasses have been popular as a fashion
Sunglasses or sun glasses are protective eyewear designed
primarily to prevent bright sunlight and high-energy visible light from damaging
or discomforting the eyes. When we say that they are “protective" please
understand that this does not mean that they are shatter proof. Consumers
can find shatter proof sunglasses, but it is important to understand that they
are not all protective in that manner. Sunglasses offer some protection in
regard to the brightness of the sun.
Eyewear consists of items and accessories worn on or
over the eyes, for fashion or adornment, protection against the environment, and
to improve or enhance visual acuity. Common forms of eyewear include
glasses (also called eyeglasses or spectacles), sunglasses, and contact lenses.
Eyewear can also include more utilitarian forms of eye protection, such as
goggles. Conversely, blindfolds are a form of eyewear used to block vision for a
variety of purposes.
Seasonally sunglasses are popular in the summer, but they
are worn year round. In addition to being helpful in the summer at the
beach, they also are helpful in the winter cutting down the glare of the sun off
the snow. Sun glasses are worn at all times of the year for outdoor
There are numerous words used around the world to describe
eyewear with darkened lenses. Below are a few of the formal terms
and slang words used in different regions.
Shades is a term used in North America.
Glares is a term popular in India if the glass is
Glints is a term for glasses originating from the
"glint" that is noticeable when somebody wearing glasses moves their head.
Sun spectacles is a term used by some opticians.
Spekkies is a term used predominantly in southern
Sun specs (sunspecs) is the shortened form of sun
Sun-shades can also refer to the sun-shading
eyepiece-type, although the term is not exclusive to these. Also in use is the
derivative abbreviation, shades.
Dark glasses generic term in common usage.
Sunnies is Australian, South African, UK and New
Smoked spectacles usually refers to the darkened
eyepieces worn by blind people.
Solar shields usually refers to models of sunglasses
with very large lenses.
Stunna shades Used as a slang term in the hyphy
movement, usually referring to sunglasses with oversized lenses.
Glecks is Scottish slang for glasses or sunglasses.
Cooling glasses is a term used in Southern India
(predominantly Kerala) and the Middle East for sunglasses.
Why should people wear sunglasses?
We wear sun glasses because they make us look very cool.
But that is not the only reason.
Sunglasses can improve visual comfort and visual clarity by
protecting the eye from glare.
Association recommends sunglasses whenever a person is in the sun. The goal
is to protect the eyes from ultraviolet radiation (UV) and blue light, which can
cause several serious eye problems.
The use of sun protective eyewear is often mandatory
immediately after some surgical procedures such as LASIK.
Why do celebrities wear sunglasses?
Sunglasses have long been associated with celebrities such
as musicians, film actors, professional athletes, and reality TV stars, etc.
They wear this type of eyewear primarily from a desire to mask their identity.
This trick obviously does not always work. As a matter of fact, it
probably “rarely" works. However, if the celeb couples the sunglasses,
with a hoodie, they may be able to fool some of
Can sunglasses help catch fish?
The lenses of polarized sunglasses reduce glare reflected
at some angles off shiny non-metallic surfaces such as water. They allow
wearers to see into water when only surface glare would otherwise be seen, and
eliminate glare from a road surface when driving into the sun. This could
be a beneficial tool when fishing. We make no promises, but seeing into
the water may help you catch more fish. By
the way, if you plan on going fishing, you may also want to learn about
Types of sunglasses:
Aviator sunglasses The design was introduced in 1936
by Bausch & Lomb for issue to U.S. military aviators. This style feature
oversize teardrop-shaped lenses and a thin metal frame. As a fashion statement,
aviator sunglasses are often made in mirrored, colored, and wrap-around styles.
The model first gained popularity in the 1940s when Douglas MacArthur was seen
sporting a pair at the Pacific Theatre. However, it was in the late 1960s when
the frames became widely used with the rise of the hippie counterculture, which
preferred large metallic sunglasses. The brand became an icon of the 1970s, worn
by Paul McCartney and Freddie Mercury among others, and was also used as
Oversized sunglasses The singer Elton John sometimes
wore oversized sunglasses on stage in the mid-1970s as part of his Captain
Fantastic act. Onassis glasses or "Jackie O's" are very large
sunglasses worn by women. This style of sunglasses is said to mimic the kind
most famously worn by Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis in the 1960s.
Shutter Shades were invented in the late 1940s,
became a fad in the early 1980s and has experienced a revival in the
early-to-mid 2010s. Instead of tinted lenses, they decrease sun exposure by
means of a set of parallel, horizontal shutters (like a small window shutter).
Wayfarer (Original Ray-Ban Wayfarer) The Ray-Ban
Wayfarer is a (mostly) plastic-framed design for sunglasses produced by the
Ray-Ban company. Introduced in 1952, the trapezoidal lenses are wider at the
top than the bottom (inspired by the Browline eyeglasses popular at the time),
and were famously worn by James Dean, Roy Orbison, Elvis Presley, Bob Marley,
The Beatles and other actors and singers. The original frames were black; frames
in many different colors were later introduced. There is often a silver piece on
the corners as well.
Wrap-arounds are a style of sunglasses characterized
by being strongly curved, to wrap around the face. They may have a single
curved semi-circular lens that covers both eyes and much of the same area of the
face covered by protective goggles, usually with a minimal plastic frame and
single piece of plastic serving as a nosepiece. Glasses described as wraparound
may alternatively have two lenses, but again with a strongly curved frame.
These were first made in the 1960s as variants of the Aviator model, used by
Yoko Ono and Clint Eastwood in the Dirty Harry films.
Gradient lenses go from a darker shade at the top to
a lighter one at the bottom, so there will be more protection from sunlight the
higher one looks through the lens, but the lower one looks through the lens, the
less protection is offered. Gradients should not be confused with bifocals and
progressive lenses. Those are different. Bifocals are eyeglasses
with two distinct optical powers. Bifocals are commonly prescribed to
people with presbyopia who also require a correction for myopia, hyperopia,
and/or astigmatism. Gradient lenses are regarding the color not the
Double gradient lenses are dark at the top, light in
the middle and dark at the bottom.
Flip-up sunglasses add the benefits of sunglasses to
corrective eyeglasses, allowing the wearer to flip up the tinted lenses for
indoor use. An alternative are clip-on glasses.
Clip-on glasses are a form of tinted glasses that
can be clipped on to eyeglasses for protection from the Sun. An
alternative are flip-up glasses.
Mirrored lenses, having a metallic, partially
reflective coating on the outer surface, combined with a tinted glass lens, are
an alternative to polarization for UV protection, improving contrast when depth
perception is important such as seeing moguls and ice while skiing or
snowboarding. The mirrored lens reflects glare to protect the eyes, but improves
the ability to see contrasts, and mirrored lenses of different colors can expand
the range of fashion styles. Some people enjoy wearing mirrored lenses
because other people can’t see your eyes when wearing this type of eyewear.
Police officers have been known to often wear these types of lenses.
We hope that this page has helped you learn about
sunglasses. Sure, you already knew what they were, but maybe you now know
a little more.
Standards change from time to time, so we are not going to
list much on this topic. We suggest you do further research if you are a
consumer, designer, or manufacturer of sunglasses. Below is some
information to help start your research, but keep in mind that these standard
numbers may have changed since the time we posted this information.
Consult with those organizations directly.
The Australian Standard is AS/NZS 1067:2003 Sunglasses and
The European standard EN 1836:2005
Sunglasses sold in the United States are regulated by the
Food and Drug Administration and are required to conform to safety standards.
The U.S. standard is ANSI Z80.3-2001, which includes three transmittance
Do people look better in sunglasses?
We are not sure if everyone looks better in sunglasses, but
we do know that you will look fabulous in your sunglasses if we look at you thru
our rose colored glasses. By the way, if you are not familiar with
that term, rose-colored glasses means a cheerful or optimistic view of things.
For example, “the trendy fashionista saw life through rose-colored glasses".
Here are a few links that may be of interest to you: