India Fashion Industry and
India Textile Industry Summary
The Indian textiles industry has significantly contributed to
the economic life of the country. World trade of textiles and
clothing has bolstered growth for the sector. A leading sector
in the Indian economy, textiles contributes double digit
percent to industrial production and total export earnings. In
recent years the textile industry has been the largest foreign
exchange earning sector in the country. In addition, it provides
direct employment to over 35 million people. With continuing
growth momentum, apparel and textiles role in the Indian economy
is bound to increase.
The India Advantage
Certain natural advantages and external
factors have fuelled the growth of this industry with a clear
competitive edge. India has overtaken the US to become the
world's 2nd largest cotton producing country, after China, as
per a study by International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech
Application. BT cotton was a major factor contributing to higher
rate of production, from 15.8 million bales in 2001-02 to 31
million bales in 2007-08.
We have read reports that indicated that
India accounts for roughly:
- 61 per
cent of the global loomage
- 22 per
cent of the global spindleage
- 12 per
cent of the world's production of textile fibres and yarn.
- 25 per
cent share in the total world trade of cotton yarn.
Textiles and Apparel trade As reported in 2008, Indian textiles and
products handlooms and handicrafts are exported to more than a
100 countries, Europe continues to be India's major export
market with 22 per cent share in textiles and 43 per cent in
apparel, the US is the single largest buyer of Indian textiles
and apparel with 19 per cent and 32.6 per cent share
respectively. Other significant countries in the export list
include the UAE, Saudi Arabia, Canada, Bangladesh, China, Turkey
and Japan. A recent study of the textile industry predicts
growth for the sector form US$ 19 billion in 2006-07 to US$ 50
billion by 2012.
As reported in 2008, readymade garments (RMG)
are the largest export segment, accounting for 45 per cent of
total textile exports and 8.2 per cent of India's total exports.
This segment has benefitted significantly with the termination
of the Multi-Fibre Arrangement (MFA) in January 2005. Readymade
garments exports from India are expected to touch US$ 14.5
billion by 2009-10 with a cumulative annual growth of 18 to 20
per cent, according to Apparel Export Promotion Council.
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