Raincoats - trendy or functional.
Is rainwear designed to keep you dry or stylish?
Hopefully, they are designed to be fashionable as well as functional.
A raincoat or slicker is a waterproof or water-resistant
coat worn to protect the body from rain. The term rain jacket is sometimes used
to refer to raincoats that are waist length. A rain jacket may be combined with
a pair of rain pants to make a rain suit.
The first modern raincoat was invented by Charles
Macintosh in 1823.
Modern raincoats are often constructed of breathable,
waterproof fabrics such as Gore-Tex or Tyvek and coated nylons. These fabrics
allow some air to pass through, allowing the garment to 'breathe' so that sweat
vapour can escape. The amount of pouring rain a raincoat can handle is sometimes
measured in the unit millimeters, water gauge.
Important brands and styles of raincoat include the
– fashion brand known for high quality rainwear among other things.
- Londontown Clothing Company was founded by Israel Myers in 1923. In
1938, London Fog makes waterproof coats for the U.S. navy during WWII. In
1950, London Fog Partners with DuPont to create a water repellant durable
material. London Fog introduces coats for women, develops the first removable
liner and patents a process to strengthen buttons and an inner barrier for extra
weather protection. The rest was history. Learn more
about London Fog here on Apparel Search.
66°NORTH is an Icelandic clothing manufacturer, specializing in outdoor
clothing. 66°NORTH was founded in 1926 by Hans Kristjánsson with the purpose of
making protective clothing for Icelandic fishermen and workers braving the North
Atlantic elements. Hans Kristjansson lived in Suðureyri in Súgandafjörður in
Westfjords of Iceland where weather conditions were very harsh and the right
clothing was therefore a matter of life and death for Icelandic fishermen. Hans
was passionate about creating garments that would hold up to the harsh
conditions fishermen faced while trawling the seas of Iceland so he moved to
Norway to learn how to tailor and sew fishermen‘s clothing. When Hans moved back
to Suðureyri he founded Sjóklæðagerð Íslands (Fishermen‘s clothing factory of
Iceland) now better known as 66°NORTH. 66°NORTH derives its name from the
latitudinal line of the Arctic Circle which touches Súgandafjörður where the
company was founded in 1926. The slogan of the brand is "Keeping Iceland warm
Anorak (or parka) derived from traditional Inuit designs
– A parka or anorak is a type of coat with a hood, often lined with fur or faux
fur. The hood protects the face from freezing temperatures and wind. The Caribou
Inuit invented this kind of garment, originally made from caribou or seal skin,
for hunting and kayaking in the frigid Arctic. Some Inuit anoraks require
regular coating with fish oil to retain their water resistance. The words
anorak and parka have been used interchangeably, but they are somewhat different
garments. Strictly speaking, an anorak is a waterproof, hooded, pull-over jacket
without a front opening, and sometimes drawstrings at the waist and cuffs, and a
parka is a knee-length cold-weather coat, typically stuffed with down or very
warm synthetic fiber, and with a fur-lined hood.
Cagoule, also Cagoul, Kagoule, Kagool - A cagoule,
cagoul, kagoule or kagool (from the French cagoule meaning balaklava) is the
British English term for a lightweight (usually without lining), weatherproof
raincoat or anorak with a hood, which often comes in knee-length. The American
English equivalent is windbreaker; the Canadian English equivalent is
windbreaker or K-Way; the Australian English equivalent is parka. In some
versions, when rolled up, the hood or front pocket doubles as a bag into which
the rest of the coat may be stowed.
Driza-Bone, Australian oiled cotton - Driza-Bone,
originating from the phrase "dry as a bone", is a trade name for the company
making full-length waterproof riding coats and apparel. The company was
established in 1898 and is currently Australian owned and manufactures its
products in Australia. The trademark of Driza-Bone was first registered in 1933.
This style of coat originated in Australia as workwear for stockmen. The coats
were developed to protect horse riders from the rain and feature straps that
hold the coat to the rider's leg.
Gannex - Gannex is a waterproof fabric composed of an
outer layer of nylon and an inner layer of wool with air between them and was
invented in 1951 by Joseph Kagan, a British industrialist and the founder of
Kagan Textiles, of Elland, which made raincoats. In addition they were
worn by Arctic and Antarctic explorers, Himalayan climbers, the armed services,
and police forces in Britain and Canada.
Inverness cape - The Inverness cape is a form of
weatherproof outercoat. It is notable for being sleeveless, the arms emerging
from armholes beneath a cape.
Mackintosh, rubberized cloth - The Mackintosh or raincoat
(abbreviated as mac or mack) is a form of waterproof raincoat, first sold in
1824, made out of rubberized fabric. The Mackintosh is named after its Scottish
inventor Charles Macintosh, though many writers add a letter k (this variant
spelling "Mackintosh" is now standard). has been claimed that the fabric
was invented by the surgeon James Syme but then copied and patented by Charles
Macintosh; Symes' method of creating the solvent from coal tar was published in
Thomson's 'Annals of Philosophy' in 1818. An exhaustive history of the
invention of the mackintosh was published by Schurer in 1952. The essence
of Macintosh's process was the sandwiching of an impermeable layer of a solution
of rubber in naphtha (derived from tar) between two layers of fabric. Syme did
not propose the sandwich idea. Merely to waterproof garments with rubber was an
old idea, and was practised in pre-Columbian times by Aztecs, who impregnated
fabric with latex. Later, French scientists made balloons gas-tight (and
incidentally, impermeable) by impregnating fabric with rubber dissolved in
turpentine; however, this solvent was not satisfactory for making wearing
apparel. Although the Mackintosh style of coat has become generic, a
genuine Mackintosh coat should be made from rubberized or rubber laminated
Oilskin - An oilskin is a waterproof garment, typically
worn by sailors and by others in wet areas, such as fish-plant workers.
Originally handmade of sailcloth waterproofed with a thin layer of tar, they
were later (early 1930s) mass-produced of canvas duck coated with multiple
applications of linseed oil (oilcloth) and often finished with layers of paint.
While most modern oilskins are made of flexible PVC-coated synthetic fabric,
advanced materials for extreme conditions such as yacht racing are increasingly
employed. Also known as "foul weather gear", contemporary
oilskins include such innovations as DWR-coated nylon on their low end and
Gore-Tex and other proprietary waterproof membranes on the high.
Poncho - A poncho is an outer garment designed to keep
the body warm. A rain poncho is made from a watertight material designed
to keep the body dry from the rain. In its simplest form the poncho is
essentially a single large sheet of fabric with an opening in the center for the
head and often it has an extra piece of fabric serving as a hood.
Rainproof ponchos normally are fitted with fasteners to close the sides once the
poncho is draped over the body, with openings provided for the arms; many have
hoods attached to ward off wind and rain.
Sou'wester - A Sou'wester, a traditional form of
collapsible oilskin rain-hat, is longer in the back than the front to fully
protect the neck fully. Sou'westers sometimes feature a gutter front-brim.
Trench coat, derived from traditional raincoat - A trench
coat or trenchcoat is a raincoat made of waterproof heavy-duty cotton gabardine
drill, or leather, or poplin. It generally has a removable insulated lining,
raglan sleeves, and the classic versions come in various lengths ranging from
just above the ankles (the longest) to above the knee (the shortest). It was
originally an item of clothing for Army officers (developed prior to the war but
adapted for use in the trenches of the First World War, hence its name) and
shows this influence in its styling. Traditionally this garment is
double-breasted with 10 front buttons, has wide lapels, a storm flap and pockets
that button-close. The coat is belted at the waist with a self-belt, as well as
having straps around the wrists that also buckle. The coat often has shoulder
straps that button-close; those were a functional feature in a military context.
The traditional color of a trench coat was khaki, although newer versions come
in many colors.
Waxed jacket - A Waxed jacket is a type of hip-length
raincoat made from waxed cotton cloth, iconic of British country life. Today it
is commonly worn for outdoor rural pursuits such as hunting, shooting and
fishing. It is a cotton jacket made water-resistant by a paraffin-based waxing,
typically with a tartan lining and a corduroy or leather collar. The main
drawback of a waxed fabric is its lack of breathability.
You may want to learn more about
Typically rainwear does not have good breathability.
It may be a good idea to also
earn about rainboots.
If you work in the fashion industry and design trendy
rainwear, you may want to also research
to help you produce your vision.
A raincoat can be considered as a type of
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