Filet crochet is a
handicraft using hooks. It is usually worked
from a graph or a symbol diagram. The basic
method can achieve two distinct 'colors'
- a solid mesh where three or four
stitches form a square, and an open mesh
of one double crochet, two or three empty
spaces, and a final double crochet. The
last stitch of a solid or open mesh is also
the first stitch of the following mesh.
Patterns are created by combining solid
and open meshes, usually working the design
in solid meshes and the background in open
meshes. Filet crochet may also be worked
with half-double crochet stitches, a variant
of the double crochet stitch. The half-double
stitch is half as tall, but exactly as wide
as the double crochet stitch.
is most often worked in rows using
to create wall hangings and linens. Using
fine thread, it is possible to work intricate
patterns such as passages of text and personal
As with all other types of crochet, filet
can be used with any weight of thread, cord,
ribbon, yarn, or anything else flexible
enough to work with a
patterns can be effectively converted to
filet crochet and vice versa by filling
the design region with solid block and keeping
the open mesh to the area of no pattern.
Filet crochet looks best if blocked before
use to highlight the design. More than one
color can be combined in this crochet to
make the design "stand" out from
the background. Using top crochet (where
the crochet is worked as a top stitch over
the finished piece) in contrasting or complementary
thread designs can also be made more stark.