Christian Louboutin is a French footwear designer whose
footwear has incorporated shiny, red-lacquered soles that
have become his signature.
Louboutin returned to Paris in 1981, where he assembled a
portfolio of drawings of elaborate high heels. He brought it
to the top couture houses. The effort resulted in employment
with Charles Jourdan. Subsequently, Louboutin met Roger
Vivier, who claims to have invented the stiletto, or
spiked-heel shoe. Louboutin became an apprentice in Vivier's
Going on to serve as a freelance designer, Louboutin
designed women's shoes for
Chanel, Yves Saint Laurent, and Maude Frizon. In the
late 1980s, he gave turned away from fashion to become a
landscape gardener and to contribute to Vogue but missed
working with shoes and set up his company in 1991.
With funds from two backers, he opened a Paris shoe salon
in 1991 with Princess Caroline of Monaco as his first
customer. She complimented the store one day when a fashion
journalist was present, and the journalist's subsequent
publication of Princess's comments helped greatly to
increase Louboutin's renown. Clients such as
Diane Von Furstenburg and Catherine Deneuve followed.
Later, those interested in his stiletto heels have included
Jennifer Lopez, Madonna, and Gwyneth Paltrow. Sarah Jessica
Parker wore a pair of shoes by Louboutin for her wedding.