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buck an article of clothing,
as a shoe, made of buckskin. [Yes, you are correct that
a buck also refers to a piece of paper money worth one dollar.
Also a buck is a mature male of various mammals (especially deer and antelope)]
buckram a stiff-finished heavily
sized fabric of cotton or linen used for interlinings in garments, for stiffening
in millinery, and in bookbinding. Softens with heat.
Can be shaped while warm. Name from Bokhara in Southern Russia, where it
was first made. Also called crinoline book muslin or book binding.
buckskin [Plural] buckskin
buff a moderate orange yellow;
a light to moderate yellow. A garment, as a uniform, made of buff
bulk classing a term used
when fleece wools of different brands and descriptions, but of similar type,
yield, etc., are emptied out of their containers (bales) bulked together
and rebaled under another or various brands into large lines. Grading and
pooling of small lots of wool from a number of owners into standard lines.
bulky-weight yarns these yarns
knit to a gauge of up to 3-1/2 stitches per inch on size 10, 10-1/2, and
11 US needles, or larger. Yarns in this category can range from 500 to 1000
yards per pound. These yarns are used for heavy fabrics such as coats, blankets,
and heavy bulky outdoor sweaters. (this definition
was kindly provided by Karen at Red Meadow
denim: a 3x1 twill weave piece dyed fabric,
made from coarse yarns. Weights can vary from 9 ozs/sq yard up to the standard
14 ozs/sq yard. Bull Denim is essentially a denim without indigo.
traditional costume. The designs are typically
elaborate, with embroidery, scarves and hand-made silver or gold jewellry
bunting a lightweight loosely
woven fabric used chiefly for flags and festive decorations.
burgonet a helmet of either
of two 16th century styles
burgundy a reddish purple color.
burlap a coarse heavy plain-woven
fabric usually of jute or hemp used for bagging and wrapping and in furniture
and linoleum manufacture.
burling in the dry finishing
department of a woollen or worsted mill, it is the removal of as much objectionable
matter as possible from the goods.
burnoose a one-piece hooded
cloak worn by Arabs and Berbers [Also, burnous]
burry a term applied to wool
containing certain seed pods, mainly of the Medicago species. Wool carrying
a percentage of burr. Light burr in combing wools can be removed by the
comb or card in manufacture. Heavy burry combing wools and any short types
carrying burr or excessive vegetable matter are carbonized before carding.
busby a military full-dress fur
hat with a pendant bag on one side usually of the color or regimental facings
bush jacket a long cotton
jacket resembling a shirt and having four patch pockets and a belt
bush shirt a usually loose-fitting
cotton shirt with patch pockets
business suit a man's or
women's suit consisting of matching coat and trousers and sometimes a vest
buskin a laced boot reaching halfway
or more to the knee
bustier a tight-fitting often
strapless top worn as a brassiere or outer garment
butternut a light yellowish
butterscotch a moderate yellowish
Button-makers categorized buttons by types of holes, shape, size, and
color. Finishers drilled two holes, four holes, or self-shank holes, or
inserted a metal shank. Names like fisheye, ring fisheye, French bevel,
English rim and cup described the various styles in which holes were drilled.
The basic shapes of buttons were disc (two-hole and four-hole), ball (half-sphere),
geometric (diamond, prism, square, rectangle, and parallelogram), and realistic
(animals, flowers). Sizing in the button trade uses the measure ligne, the
traditional English and French measure that is still used today, along with
inches and millimeters. One inch is equal to 40 English ligne, 11 French
ligne, and 25.5 mm. 12-18 ligne buttons were sold for trim, shirts, and
children's dresses; 20-60 size for dresses, jackets and coats; shoe buttons
were usually 14 ligne, and specialty buttons were usually 45-60 ligne.
button-down a shirt with
a button-down collar
byssus a fine probably linen cloth
of ancient times.
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