bra (brassiere) a woman's
close-fitting undergarment with cups for bust support.
Learn more about bras from our
bracelet an ornamental band
or chain worn around the wrist
bradford spinning english
method of spinning wool into worsted yarn. The wool is thoroughly oiled
before it is combed, producing a smooth, lustrous yarn used for worsted
suitings. This is distinct from the French system which is dry spun.
A codpiece, a piece of leather or stuffed
material worn to accent the male groin
brassard a cloth band worn
around the upper arm usually bearing an identifying mark
brassiere a woman's close-fitting
undergarment with cups for bust support
break a temporary interference
with the growth of the wool, causing a marked thinning of all or a proportion
of the fibre population, and producing distinct weaknesses in one part of
the staple. It is caused by a sudden change of pasture, want of feed or
water, sickness, bad lambing, or faulty dipping.
breastplate a vestment worn
in ancient times by a Jewish high priest set with 12 gems bearing names
of the tribes of Israel
breech short pants covering
the hips and thighs and fitting snugly at the lower edges at or just below
the knee; pants
brick red a moderate reddish
brief short snug pants or
brilliantine a light lustrous
fabric that is similar to alpaca and is woven usually with a cotton warpand
mohair or worsted filling.
britches breeches, trousers
broadcloth cotton and silk, and rayon.
Plain weave and in most cotton broadcloths made with a very fine crosswise
rib weave. Originally indicated a cloth woven on a wide loom.
Very closely woven and in cotton, made from either carded or combed yarns.
The filling is heavier and has less twist. It is finer than poplin
when made with a crosswise rib and it is lustrous and soft with a good texture.
Thread count ranges from high quality 144 x 60 count down to 80 x 60.
Has a smooth finish. May be bleached, dyed, or printed; also is often
mercerized. Wears very well. If not of a high quality or treated,
it wrinkles very badly. Finest quality made from Egyptian or combed
pima cotton - also sea island. Used in Shirts, dresses, particularly
the tailored type in plain colours, blouses, summer wear of all kinds.
(Wool Broadcloth) Usually a twill with a two up and one down construction.
Some also in the plain weave. Has a napped face, closely sheared and
polished, producing a silky gloss - in same group of fabrics as kersey,
beaver cloth, melton. One way nap, must be handled like velvet when cutting.
It comes in a variety of colours and weights. It is "dressy" fabric
and must be handled with care - form fitting and drapes well.
broadfall the wide falling front flap of
breeches or trousers such as those of sailors. Split falls are the
narrower type of flap found on lederhosen and some jhodpurs. The plural
broadfalls is sometimes used to mean trousers having a broadfall.
brocade a rich oriental silk fabric with
raised patterns in gold and silver. Cotton brocade
often has the ground of cotton and the pattern of rayon and silk.
Pattern is in low relief. Generally weaved in Jacquard and dobby.
Rich, heavy, elaborate design effect. Sometimes with coloured or metallic
threads making the design usually against a satin weave background.
This makes the figures stand out. The figures in brocade are rather
loose, while in damask the figure threads are actually bound into the material.
The pattern may be satin on a twill ground or twill on a satin ground.
Often reversible. The motifs may be of flowers, foliage, scrollwork, pastoral
scenes, or other designs. Generally reputed to have been developed
from the latin name "brocade" which means to figure.
(Example of brocade)
brocatelle silk, rayon, cotton, and synthetics.
Jacquard - double or backed cloth. Originally supposed to be an imitation
of Italian tooled leather - satin or twill pattern on plain or satin ground.
It is recognized by a smooth raised figure of warp-effect, usually in a
satin weave construction, on a filling effect background. True brocatelle
is a double weave made of silk and linen warp and a silk and linen filling.
Present-day materials may have changed from the XIIIth adn XIVth Century
fabrics, but they still have the embossed figure in the tight, compact woven
warp-effect. While brocatelle is sometimes classed as a flat fabric,
it shows patterns which stand out in "high relief" in a sort of
brogan a heavy shoe, especially a coarse
work shoe reaching to the ankle
brogue a stout coarse shoe worn formerly
in Ireland and the Scottish Highlands; a heavy shoe often with a hobnailed
sole, brogan; a stout oxford shoe with perforations and usually a wing tip
A person who buys or sells merchandise for other individuals
and earns a commission or profit based upon a percent of product.
(definition provided by Robert Cyr
at RLC Trading)
bronze a moderate yellowish brown.
brown any of a group of colors between red
and yellow in hue, of medium to low lightness, and of moderate to low saturation.
brunet (also brunette) of a dark-brown or black
lace any of various
fine needlepoint or bobbin laces with floral designs made originally in
or near Brussels.
Next Page (B6)