jabot fall of lace or cloth attached to the front of a man's
neckband (18th c.); pleated frill of cloth or lace attached down the center
front of a woman's dress or blouse
jackboot a heavy military boot made of glossy black leather
extending above the knee and worn especially during the 17th and 18th centuries;
a laceless military boot reaching to the calf
jacket a garment for the upper body usually having a front
opening, collar, lapels, sleeves, and pockets
jacquard Joseph Jacquard invented this
decorative weaving technique in 1804. A special loom is used to weave
a pattern directly into the fabric; a costly process that produces an elegant
cloth. A fabric of intricate variegated weave or pattern.
(learn about Jacquard
Loom). Jacquard is an intricate method of weaving invented by
Joseph J.M. Jacquard in the years 1801-1804, in which a headmotion at
the top of the loom holds and operates a set of punched cards, according
to the motif desired. The perforations in the cards, in connection with
the rods and cords, regulate the raising of the stationary warp thread
mechanisms. Jacquard knitting is a development of the Jacquard loom and
its principles. Jacquard fabrics, simple or elaborate in design,
include brocade, brocatelle, damask, neckwear, evening wear, formal
attire, some shirtings, tapestries, etc. Now with
Project Jacquard, the term may include smart fabric technology.
jaconet a lightweight cotton cloth used
for clothing and bandages.
jade green a light bluish green.
jambeau a piece of medieval armor for the leg below the knee
jasmine a light yellow.
jasper a blackish green.
jay a moderate blue.
jean a durable twilled cotton cloth
used especially for sportswear and work clothes. Close-fitting pants
made especially of jean or denim [Usually used in plural]
jerkin a close-fitting hip-length usually sleeveless jacket
jersey made of wool,
worsted, silk, cotton, rayon, and synthetics. Knitted on circular,
flat-bed or warp knitted methods (later popular as a tricot-knit).
Right side has lengthwise ribs (wales) and wrong side has crosswise ribs
(courses). Very elastic with good draping qualities. Has special
crease-resistant qualities due to its construction. Is knitted plain
or has many elaborate tweed designs and fancy motifs as well as printed
designs. Can look very much like woven fabric. Wears very well and
if washable; it washes very well. First made on the Island on Jersey
off the English coast and had been used for fisherman's clothing.
jet an intense black.
jock athletic supporter. Generally worn by men
while playing sports to protect the family jewels.
jockstrap athletic supporter
jodhpur [Plural] riding breeches cut full through the hips
and close-fitting from knee to ankle; an ankle-high boot fastened with a
strap that is buckled at the side [Also called, jodhpur boot]
johnny a short-sleeved collarless gown that is open in the
back and is worn by persons, as hospital patients, undergoing medical examination
joseph [Latin] a long cloak worn especially by women in the
juliette sleeve a youthful look that places emphasis
on the arms. Also known as a tiny pouf, it has an even more extreme
appearance then the cap sleeve.
jump boot a boot worn especially by
jumper a loose blouse or jacket worn by workmen; a sleeveless
one-piece dress worn usually with a blouse; a child's overall [Usually used
in plural]; [Chiefly British] sweater
jumpsuit a coverall worn by parachutists for jumping; a one-piece
garment consisting of a blouse or shirt with attached trousers or shorts
jute and Burlap jute is used in textiles for interiors, especially for wall
hangings and a group of bright, homespun-effect draperies and wall coverings.
Natural jute has a yellow to brown or gray color, with a silky luster.
It consists of bundles of fiber held together by gummy substances that are
pertinacious in character. It is difficult to bleach completely, so
many fabrics are bright, dark, or natural brown in color. Jute reacts
to chemicals in the same way as do cotton and flax. It has a good
resistance to microorganisms and insects. Moisture increases the speed
of deterioration but dry jute will last for a very long time. Jute
works well for bagging, because it does not extend and is somewhat rough
and coarse. This tends to keep stacks of bags in position and resist
slippage. It is widely used in the manufacture of linoleum and carpets
for backing or base fabric.