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sable black; dark brown color of the fur of the
sable; a grayish yellowish brown.
sabot a European wooden shoe; a shoe having a sabot strap, namely
a strap across the instep in a sandal type shoe
sack a woman's loose-fitting dress; a short usually loose-fitting
coat for women and children
sackcloth a garment of sackcloth, namely a coarse cloth of camel's
hair or cotton, worn as a sign of mourning or penitence. A coarse
cloth of goat or camel's hair or of flax, hemp, or cotton.
sack coat a man's jacket with a straight back.
sacking a material for sacks: esp. a coarse
fabric (as burlap or gunny).
sacque an infant's usually short jacket that fastens at the neck
saddle shoe an oxford-style shoe having a saddle of contrasting
color or leather [Also called, saddle oxford]
safari jacket a usually belted shirt jacket with pleated
safety cloths fireproof
saffron moderate orange to orange yellow. Black clothing worn
in mourning [Usually used in plural]
cotton, linen, nylon. Plain weave, some made with a crosswise rib.
A strong canvas or duck. The weights vary, but most often the count
is around 148 x 60. Able to withstand the elements (rain, wind and
snow). Sailcloth for clothing is sold frequently and is much lighter
weight than used for sails.
sailor a stiff straw hat with a low flat crown and straight circular
sailor collar a broad collar having a square flap across the back
and tapering to a V in the front
sallet without a visor and with a projection over the neck
salmon the variable color of salmon's flesh averaging
a strong yellowish pink.
salmon pink a strong yellowish pink.
salwar wide loose pants with
a reinforced cuff and a drawstring usually worn with a long tunic.
The Salwar was first worn by the desert women as
a cover to shield their legs from the blistering heat. It was
made from coarse cotton and had no aesthetic value whatsoever.
It was only during the reign of the Moguls that the concept
of anything like a Salwar came about. It was a time to be lavish
and clothing became a symbol of social status. The fabric employed
to tailor clothes ranged from the finest silks, velvets, chiffons
and muslins and it was at this time that lehenga, the sherara
and the churidar also took birth. The Salwar came to India with
the invasion of the Aryans. They settled in Punjab and the locals
adapted the salwar as their traditional dress. It was in Punjab
that the concept of the Salwar as we know it today really came
about. One only has to look at portraits of Maharaja Ranjit
Singh, a fearless Sikh chieftain, to see that the Salwar was
popular in the Punjab district. Hence today when you think of
the Salwar you automatically think about Punjab and Punjabi
culture. As symbols of Punjabi culture the Salwar is only second
to bhangra. It is the staple dress of Punjabi women and is worn
throughout the year in various fashions from the simple day
to day styles to the more elaborate styles reserved for celebrations
such as weddings and especially Vasakhi.
Salvaged merchandise refers
to products that can no longer be sold "as new". There is a large
percentage of merchandise that is damaged while in transit to retail stores.
For instance, a pallet of toys may have packaging damage. The retailer cannot
sell the toys as new because the individual boxes show wear or tear. This
merchandise gets set to the side and labeled "Salvage". Salvage
can also refer to merchandise that has been returned to the store for any
number of reasons. Salvage can also include 2nd
quality merchandise produced at the factory level. (definition
provided by Robert Cyr
at RLC Trading.)
sam browne a leather belt for a dress uniform supported by a light
strap passing over the right shoulder
samite a rich medieval silk fabric interwoven with gold
sample sale a sample
sale is a special event providing clothing companies a method to
sell off the samples from their showrooms. This provides the public with
designer clothes (and non designer brand clothing) directly from the designer
and clothing companies at wholesale or below wholesale prices. These fabulous
clearance events quite often take place in the designer's own showroom.
The prices at these sample sales are typically far better than what you
would find in an outlet store.
sanbenito a sackcloth, namely, a coarse cloth of camel's hair
or cotton, coat worn by penitents on being reconciled to the church; a Spanish
Inquisition garment resembling a scapular and being either yellow with red
crosses for the penitent or black with painted devils and flames for the
impenitent condemned to an auto-da-f
sand a variable color averaging a yellowish gray.
sandy the color of sand.
sandal a shoe consisting of a sole strapped to the foot; a low-cut
shoe that fastens by an ankle strap; a rubber overshoe cut very low
sand shoe [Chiefly Australian and New Zealand] tennis shoe
sanguine blood red; ruddy.
sap green a strong yellow green.
sapphire a deep purplish blue color.
sarcenet a soft thin silk in plain or twill weaves.
A garment made of sarcenet fabric, namely a soft thin silk in plain or twill
sari / saree lightweight
cloth draped so that one end forms a skirt or pajama and the other a head
or shoulder covering.
A piece of fabric about 6 yards in width and 44" in length which worn
wrapped strategically around the body over a skirt petticoat and a choli.
Worn by Indian and south Asian women.
Nothing identifies a woman as being Indian so strongly as the
sari - the quintessential Indian female garment. The 6 yard,
unstitched, fluid garment over and around the body, adjusted
with little tucks and pulls is one of the most graceful pictures
ever. "The sari undoubtedly is the most sensuous garment
ever." "And the best thing about it is that it conceals
as much as it reveals." The sari is one of the most feminine
outfits ever. And that's the secret behind its survival through
various fashion eras like bell-bottoms, drainpipe and now low-rise
jeans." The origin of this fabulous garment is a bit obscure
due to lack of proper historical records in India but one thing's
for sure - the sari boasts the oldest existence in the sartorial
world. It is more than 5000 years old and is mentioned in the
Vedas. Sari (original - Chira in Sanskrit for cloth) is of varied
length. From 5 yards to 9.5 yards tied loosely, folded and pleated,
it can be turned into a working dress or party wear with manual
skill. For the day-to-day dressing of middle class women, a
5-6 yard is comfortable today. The material and the print on
the sari can vary according to your choice and the occasion.
The common materials for a sari are silks, cottons, chiffons,
organzas and georgettes, and the common types of saris are Kanjeevaram
(a traditional South Indian sari), Paithani (a typical peacock
and parrot motif sari from Maharashtra), Banarasi, Bhagalpuri,
Orissa Ikkat, Maheshwari, Chanderi, Gujrati Patola, and Jaipuri
Leheriya. "I feel that a chiffon, a georgette and a nice
Kanjeevaram is a must-have for every woman." The chiffon
is appropriate for a kitty party, lunch or dinner at the club
or at the race course, or even for shopping. The georgette can
be worn for a cocktail or small party, while the Kanjeevaram
can be worn at weddings or extremely formal affairs." Saris
are beautiful, and it is up to the wearer to bring out the best
in them. The styles of wearing a sari vary according to the
region. There are about 10 to 15 types of drapes in India. So,
you have the Bengali, Gujarati, Coorgi, Malayali and other styles
sark [Dialectical & Chiefly British] shirt
sarong a loose garment made of a long strip of cloth wrapped around
the body and worn as a skirt or dress by men and women chiefly of the Malay
archipelago and the Pacific islands. SARONG
- also called a PAREO, a wraparound, pareau (Tahiti), pakome(Thailand),
lava-lava (Samoa), kain (Indonesia), sulu (Fiji), canga (Brazil), malo (Tonga),
lunghi, etc. - is a piece of fabric, approximately 45 X 75 inches = 120
X 190 cms. It is the traditional clothing for both women and men in Indonesia
and is also worn every day on islands all over the South Pacific and in
many countries of South-east Asia - especially Malaysia and Thailand. Sarongs
are generally produced by the BATIK process.
sash a band worn about the waist or over one shoulder and used
as an accessory or emblem of a military order
satchel a small bag often with a shoulder strap
sateen cotton, some also
made in rayon. Sateen, 5-harness, filling-face weave. Lustrous
and smooth with the sheen in a filling direction. Carded or combed
yarns are used. Better qualities are mercerized to give a higher sheen.
Some are only calendared to produce the sheen but this disappears with washing
and is not considered genuine sateen. May be bleached, dyed, or printed.
Difficult to make good bound buttonholes on it as it has a tendency to slip
at the seams.
satin silk, rayon,
synthetics. Originated in China (Zaytoun, China - now Canton - a port
from which satins were exported during the Middle Ages). Became known
in Europe during the XIIth, and XIIIth Centuries in Italy. Became
known in England by the XIVth Century. It became a favorite of all
court life because of its exquisite qualities and feel. Usually has
a lustrous surface and a dull back. The lustre is produced by running
it between hot cylinders. Made in many colors, weights, varieties,
qualities, and degrees of stiffness. A low grade silk or a cotton
filling is often used in cheaper cloths.
A reversible cloth with satin on
one side and crepe on the other.
Satin on one side and anything on the
other. e.g. very good velvet ribbon has velvet on one side and satin
on the other.
Yarn woven with two warps and one filling,
to simulate a double satin construction. Has satin on both sides.
Cotton filling is often used in cheaper qualities.
An 8-12 shaft satin. It is a dress
fabric. Very fine yarns are used, particularly in the warp
with more ends/inch than picks. The material is string, has
a high luster, and texture, and it is firm. Usually 36" wide.
Characterized by grainy twill on back.
Jacquard figured fabric with an all-satin
weave background. Various types of striping effects are obtained.
Jacquard figure on a satin ground.
Strong, compactly woven with quite a bit
of body. It is used chiefly for footwear. Textures are high
and the material comes colored, black or white, or richly brocaded
effects. - Shiniest satin.
Peau de Soie
Soft, satin-face, good quality cloth.
It has a dull lustre. Has a grainy appearance, and is a characteristic
in the cloth which may have a single or double face construction.
Fine close ribs are seen in the filling direction. With the
best grades, the fabric can be used on either side. Lower
qualities are finished on one side only. Name means "skin of
silk". Some cloth sold as peau de soie is really a delustered
satin. It doesn't have the grainy appearance. Because
of crosswise rib, fabric difficult to ease. Also sold as "delustered
satin weave the satin weave is made by "floating"
the warp or weft yarns across several yarns to bring them to the surface.
Bringing the yarns to the surface gives the fabric sheen because light is
reflected off the yarn surface, not absorbed by the intersections of yarns
such as in a plain weave.
satinet a thin silk satin or imitation
saxony a fine soft woolen fabric.
scanties abbreviated panties for women.
scapular a long wide band of cloth worn front and back over the
shoulders as part of a monastic habit
scarf a military or official sash usually indicative of rank;
[Archaic] tippet; a broad band of cloth worn about the shoulders, around
the neck, or over the head; a military or official sash usually indicative
scarlet any of various bright reds.
scuff a flat-soled slipper without quarter or heel strap [Compare
scrim a durable plain-woven usually cotton fabric
for use in clothing, curtains, building, and industry.
seaboot a very high waterproof boot used especially by sailors
sea green a moderate green or bluish green;
a moderate yellow green.
sea island cotton a cotton with especially
long silky fiber. The very finest and most expensive cotton, in very
limited supply, with a fiber length greater than 1 1/2".
seal a dark brown.
seal ring a finger ring engraved with a seal; signet ring
sealskin a garment, as a jacket, coat, or cape, of sealskin
seasonalization the merging of seasonal colors. Current
practice dictates that particular color ranges are appropriate based on
the season in which the garment is worn. Seasonalization contends
that "all" colors should be available to consumers on a year round
basis, regardless of the calendar season. The term was developed by
the Apparel Search Company on
October 2, 2000.
s.e.b single end break
seersucker cotton, rayon,
synthetics. Term derived from the Persian "shirushaker",
a kind of cloth, literally "milk and sugar". Crepe-stripe
effect. Colored stripes are often used. Dull surface. Comes
in medium to heavy weights. The woven crinkle is produced by alternating
slack and tight yarns in the warp. This is permanent. Some may
be produced by pressing or chemicals, which is not likely to be permanent
- called plisse. Durable, gives good service and wear. May
be laundered without ironing. Can be bleached, yarn dyed, or printed.
Some comes in a check effect.
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