Damask Fabric Definition
Fabric Definitions

Modern damasks are woven on computerized Jacquard looms.  Damask weaves are commonly produced in monochromatic (single-color) weaves in silk, linen, or synthetic fibers such as rayon and feature patterns of flowers, fruit, and other designs. The long floats of satin-woven warp and weft threads cause soft highlights on the fabric which reflect light differently according to the position of the observer. Damask weaves appear most commonly in table linens and furnishing fabrics, but they are also used for clothing. The damask weave is used extensively throughout the fashion industry due to its versatility and high-quality finish. Damask is usually used for mid-to-high-quality garments, meaning the label tends to have a higher definition and a more “expensive” look.

Damask is a reversible figured fabric of silk, wool, linen, cotton, or synthetic fibers, with a pattern formed by weaving. Damasks are woven with one warp yarn and one weft yarn, usually with the pattern in warp-faced satin weave and the ground in weft-faced or sateen weave.

The word "damask" first appeared in records in a Western European language in the mid-14th century in French.  By the 14th century, damasks were being woven on draw looms in Italy. From the 14th to 16th century, most damasks were woven in one color with a glossy warp-faced satin pattern against a duller ground. Two-color damasks had contrasting color warps and wefts, and polychrome damasks added gold and other metallic threads or additional colors as supplemental brocading wefts. Medieval damasks were usually woven in silk, but weavers also produced wool and linen damasks.

Twill damasks include a twill-woven ground or pattern.

Damask can be used for clothing labels.  Woven fabric labels favor damask as the ideal choice for fine quality clothing labels. Typically considered high end and used for intricate details, such as signatures or small text. Damask is a thinner thread then other woven fabric labels, often referred to as Denier Density.

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