Classification: Hair fibre
Primary Uses: Men's and
women's coats, jackets and blazers, skirts,
hosiery, sweaters, gloves, scarves, mufflers,
caps and robes.
Luxuriously soft, with high napability and
loft; provides natural light-weight insulation
without bulk. Cashmere is extremely warm
(in order to serve its original purpose
of protecting goats from cold mountain temperatures.)
Fibres are highly adaptable and are easily
constructed into fine or thick yarns, and
light to heavy-weight fabrics. Appropriate
for all climates. A high moisture content
allows insulation properties to change with
the relative humidity in the air.
Source: The Cashmere
(Kashmir) or down goat. From the fine, soft
undercoat or underlayer of hair. The straighter
and coarser outer coat is called
Geographic Origin: From
the high plateaus of Asia. Significant supplier
countries are: China, Mongolia and Tibet.
Today, little is supplied by the
Kashmir State of
India, from which its name is derived.
The cashmere products of this area first
attracted the attention of
Europeans in the early 1800's.
Gathering Process: The
specialty animal hair fibres are collected
molting seasons when the animals naturally
shed their hairs. Goats molt during a several-week
period in spring. In China and Mongolia,
the down is removed by hand with a coarse
comb. The animals are sheared in Iran, Afghanistan,
New Zealand and
Production: The coarse
hairs and down hairs of the
cashmere goat and
camel are separated by a mechanical
process known as dehairing.
Annual Yield: Up to
half a kilo of fibre per goat, with an average
150 gram of underdown.
Types of fibre: 1) Virgin
-- New fibre that has not been processed
in any way, or has been made into yarns,
fabrics or garments for the first time.
2) Recycled -- Fibres reclaimed from scraps
or fabrics that were previously woven or
felted and may or may not have been used
by the consumer.
Men's Cashmere Clothing Guide