Spandex or elastane is a synthetic
fiber known for its exceptional elasticity (stretchability).
It is stronger and more durable than rubber,
its major plant competitor. It was invented in 1959, and when first introduced
it revolutionized many areas of the clothing industry. Spandex is the preferred
name in North America, while elastane is most often used elsewhere. A well-known
trademark for spandex or elastane is Invista's brand name Lycra;
another trademark (also Invista's) is Elaspan.
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Industries Inc. (Korea): Established in 1957,
Kolon Industries, Inc. launched Korea's first synthetic fiber production
line.Kolon Spandex fiber is round in cross section, thus offering extra
elasticity and good elongation. Kolon Industries, Inc. uses a dry spinning
process with continuous polymerization to produce its fine denier spandex.
The material has superior resistance to degradation caused by sunlight,
perspiration and chlorine, making it ideal for various kinds of active wear
RadiciSpandex: The Radici Group was founded in 1946 as a household textile manufacturer.
Today, as a result of a policy of vertical integration and diversification,
the Group is a multibillion dollar entity with over 6,000 employees working
in 60 production facilities worldwide. Business activity ranges from synthetic
fibers to chemicals, plastics, engineering services, packaging and textile
machinery.RadiciSpandex offers an extensive line of elastane / spandex fibers
to meet the needs of any stretch or elastication application. This product
line is backed by Market Product Managers and Product Performance teams
that are supported by a fully functional Technical Customer Service support
laboratory and staff that understands every market application. Several
different and specifically engineered polymers provide the exact match for
all end-use physical and chemical performance requirements. From chlorine
resistance to high heat resistance and soft retractive power RadiciSpandex
has a spandex fiber suited for every need. Address: 125 Hartwell Street
Fall River, MA 02721 Fax: (508) 674-3580 Email:
In 1942, William Hanford and Donald Holmes invented polyurethane together.
Polyurethane is the basis of a novel type of elastomeric fiber known generically
as spandex. It is a man-made fiber (segmented polyurethane) able to stretch
at least 100% and snap back like natural rubber. It replaced the rubber
used in women's underwear. Spandex was created in the late 1950s, developed
by E. I. du Pont de Nemours & Company, Inc. The first commercial production
of spandex fiber in the United States began in 1959.