Suitings is fabric of a suitable quality for making suits, trousers,
jackets, and skirts. In other words, suitings are fabrics used to
In clothing, a suit is a set of garments made from the same cloth,
usually consisting of at least a jacket and trousers.
Originally, as with most clothes, a tailor made the suit from his
client's selected cloth; these are now often known as bespoke suits. The
suit was custom made to the measurements, taste, and style of the man.
Since the Industrial Revolution, most suits are mass-produced, and, as
such, are sold as ready-to-wear garments (though alteration by a tailor
prior to wearing is common). Currently, suits are sold in roughly four
bespoke, in which
the garment is custom-made by a tailor from a pattern created entirely
from the customer's measurements, giving the best fit and free choice of
made to measure, in which a pre-made pattern is
modified to fit the customer, and a limited selection of options and
fabrics is available.
Pret-a-porter or off-the-peg, which
is sold ready to be tailored.
suit separates where jacket and trousers are sold
separately, allowing a customer to choose the size that is best for them
and limit the amount of alterations needed.
Suits are made in a variety of suiting fabrics, but most commonly
from wool. The two main yarns produce worsteds (where the fibres are
combed before spinning to produce a smooth, hard wearing cloth) and
woollens (where they are not, thus remaining comparatively fluffy in
texture). These can be woven in a number of ways producing flannel,
tweed, gabardine, and fresco among others. These fabrics all have
different weights and feel, and some fabrics have an S (or Super S)
number describing the fineness of the fibres measured by average fibre
diameter, e.g., Super 120; however, the finer the fabric, the more
delicate and thus less likely to be long-wearing it will be. Although
wool has traditionally been associated with warm, bulky clothing meant
for warding off cold weather, advances in making finer and finer fibre
have made wool suits acceptable for warmer weather, as fabrics have
accordingly become lighter and more supple. Wool fabric is denominated
by the weight of a one-square yard piece; thus, the heavier wools,
suitable for winter only, are 12-14 oz.; the medium, "three season"
(i.e., excluding summer) are 10-11 oz.; and summer wools are 7-8 oz. (In
the days before central heating, heavier wools such as 16 oz. were used
in suits; now they are used mainly in overcoats and topcoats.) Other
materials are used sometimes, either alone or blended with wool, such as
cashmere. Silk alone or blended with wool is sometimes used.
Synthetic materials, while cheaper, e.g., polyester, are very rarely
recommended by experts. At most, a blend of predominantly wool may be
acceptable to obtain the main benefit of synthetics, namely resistance
to wrinkling, particularly in garments used for travel; however, any
synthetic, blended or otherwise, will always be warmer and clammier than
wool alone. For hot weather, linen is also used, and in
(Southern) North America cotton seersucker is worn. The main four
colours for suits worn in business are black, light grey, dark grey, and
navy, either with or without patterns.
Inside the jacket of a suit, between the outer fabric and the inner
lining, there is a layer of sturdy interfacing fabric
to prevent the wool from stretching out of shape; this layer of cloth is
often called the canvas after the fabric from which it
was traditionally made. It can also be called interfacing or
interlining. Expensive jackets have a floating canvas, while
cheaply manufactured models have a fused (glued) canvas.
suiting fabrics on the Fashion Blog.