|Description of Kenaf|
Kenaf is a warm-season annual row
crop well suited to the U.S. "Cotton Belt". It is related
to cotton; therefore, a member of the plant family Malvacae (Mallow).
Two leaf types are common; one that is deeply divided and looks like hemp/marijuana
and an undivided (juvenile) leaf shape that looks somewhat like cotton (Gossyppium
sp). fiber derived from the plant originates from the stalk itself;
relatively long fiber aggregates from the bark known as bast, and shorter
woody fibers from the central part of the stem known as core.
Mississippi State University in 1989 and
is one of the nation's leaders in kenaf research.
Harvest is accomplished by utilizing a
forage harvester that cuts and "chops" the whole stalk, and then
blows the crop into a boll buggy that is positioned beside or the behind
the harvester. fiber length can be adjusted by adding or subtracting knives
from the cutting cylinder. The kenaf is then placed in a module. The
kenaf can be used as whole-stalk or transported to the separation facility,
where the bast and core are separated. Other harvesting techniques employ
cubing the kenaf. This is accomplished in the same manner, however the kenaf
is dumped into a hopper that feeds a field-side cuber. The cubes are then
transported to the processing facility.
The Apparel Search Company wants to give special thanks to Wes Graham for providing wonderful information on Kenaf.