Natural Fibers List
Fashion Industry Terms   Fibers

What are natural fibers?

Natural fibers are made from plant, animal or mineral sources.

Natural fibers can be classified according to their origin.  The vegetable, or cellulose-base, class includes such important fibers as cotton, flax, and jute; the animal, or protein-base, fibers include wool, mohair, and silk; an important (but potentially dangerous) fiber in the mineral class is asbestos.

Natural fibers can be classified according to their origin.

Natural Fibers include the following:

Plant Fiber: Abacá, Bagasse, Bamboo, Coir, Cotton, Fique, Flax (Linen), Hemp, Jute, Kapok, Kenaf, Piña, Pine, Raffia, Ramie, Sisal, Wood.

Animal Fiber: Alpaca, Angora, Byssus, Camel hair, Cashmere, Catgut, Chiengora, Guanaco, Human hair, Llama, Mohair, Pashmina, Qiviut, Rabbit, Silk, Sinew, Spider silk, Wool, Vicuña, Yak.

Mineral Fiber: Asbestos

Note: these are not all utilized for clothing.  Also, don’t play around with asbestos.

Did we miss any natural fibers?  Let us know what needs to be added to the above natural fiber list.

What are fibers?

Fibers or fibres are a class of hair-like materials that are continuous "filaments” or are in discrete elongated pieces, similar to pieces of thread. They can be used as a component of composite materials.  They can also be matted into sheets to make products such as paper or felt.  Fibres are of two types: natural fiber, which consists of animal and plant fibers, and man-made fiber, which consists of synthetic fibers and regenerated fibers.

What is the difference between fiber and fibre?

There is no difference in meaning between fiber and fibre.  Fiber is the preferred spelling in American English, and fibre is preferred British English spelling.

Learn more about textile fibers in our fiber guide.

You might also want to learn about synthetic fibers.

If you are interested in natural fibers, you may also want to investigate the meaning of bumper crops.

Thank you for using the Apparel Search website.