Page (C3) Textile Glossary
cramoisie crimson cloth.
crape crépe. a soft thin light
fabric with crinkled
texture surface. [also, non relevant to fashion a crepe is a French pancake]
crash a coarse fabric used for draperies,
toweling, and clothing and for strengthening joints of cased-in books.
Plain weave. Generally linen.
crash helmet a
helmet that is worn,
as by motorcyclists, as protection for the head in the event of an accident
cravat a band or scarf worn around the
cream a pale yellow.
credential clothing Credential clothing is clothing which has been
donated but not yet sorted or graded.
creepere a usually one-piece garment for
a child at the crawling age.
crepe worsted cotton, wool, silk, man-made
synthetics. Mostly plain, but various weaves. Has a crinkled,
puckered surface or soft mossy finish. Comes in different weights
and degrees of sheerness. Dull with a harch dry feel. Woolen
crepes are softer than worsted. If it is fine, it drapes well.
Has very good wearing qualities. Has a very slimming effect.
Depending on weight, it is used for dresses of all types, including long
dinner dresses, suits, and coats.
(satin-back crepe, crepe-satin, or satin-crepe)
satin weave on the face and a crepe effect on the back obtained with twisted
crepe yarns in the filling - 2 or 3 times as many ends as picks per inch.
It is a soft fabric which is reversible. It is usually piece dyed.
Very interesting effects can be obtained in a garment by using both sides,
in different parts. e.g. the crepe side for the body and trim or binding
with the satin part up.
crepe de chine
silk warp and crepe
twist silk filling 25 x 22. More ends than picks per inch. Has a soft
hand and considerable lustre. Made of raw silk or rayon. It
is easy to manipulate and handle. It is fairly sheer.
Could be piece dyed or printed. Has a slight rippled texture.
Heavy crepe de chine is called "Canton crepe" which is slightly
ribbed and now mostly made in rayon.
crepon crepe effect appears
in direction of the warp and achieved by alternate S and Z, or slack, tension,
or different degrees of twist. Originally a wool crepe but now
made of silk and
rayon. It is
much stouter and more rugged than the average crepe. Has a wavy texture
with the "waves" or "crinkles" running in a lengthwise
direction. Mostly used for prints.
cretonne cotton, linen,
rayon. Plain or twill weave. Characteristics: Finished in widths
from 30 to 50 inches. The
are finer than the filling counts which are spun rather loose. Strong
substantial and gives good wear. Printed cretonne often has very bright
colours and patterns. The fabric has no lustre (when glazed, it is
called chintz). Some are warp printed and if they are, they are usually
completely reversible. Designs run from the conservative to very wild and
often completely cover the surface. Used bedspreads, chairs, draperies,
pillows, slipcovers, coverings of all kinds, beach wear, sportswear.
a fine, loosely-twisted, two-ply worsted
yarn. Common applications are embroidery [typically
worsted wool on a plain weave fabric] and crewel
lace (narrow edging).
crewelslackly twisted worsted yarn used for embroidery.
crew neck a sweater with a crew neck, namely
a round collarless neckline
crew sock a short bulky usually ribbed
crinoline an open-weave fabric or horsehair
cotton that is usually stiffened and used
especially for interlinings and millinery. A full stiff skirt or underskirt
made of crinoline fabric, namely stiffened open-weave horsehair or cotton
crimson any of several deep purplish reds.
crop top a very short women's
top ending just below the breasts; a tank-style brassiere cropped to midriff
crown a royal or imperial headdress of
cap of sovereignty, diadem
printing process where specialty inks are used to give prints a multi-color
pearlescent appearance when printed directly on light colored garments or
over a flashed color. Crystalina can also be used for producing cold peel
cuff hem of shirt sleeve
CUIN measures insulation in regard to
down. CUIN stands for cubic inches
per once and indicates how much volume (cubic inches) is filled by one
ounce (27.3 grams) of down. For simplicity sake, we can say that the
higher the CUIN value of a jacket, the better it insulates (assuming
everything else equal).
cuirass a piece of armor covering the body
from neck to waist; also, the breastplate of such a piece
cuisse a piece of plate armor for the front
of the thigh
culet plate armor covering the buttocks
culottes is a word that originated in the French
language. Historically, "culottes" referred to the knee-breeches
commonly worn by gentlemen of the European upper-classes from the late
Middle Ages or Renaissance through the early nineteenth century. This
style of tight trousers ending just below the knee was first popularized
in France during the reign of Henry III (1574â€“1589). Culottes were
normally closed and fastened about the leg, to the knee, by either
buttons, a strap and buckle, or by a draw-string. The women's
fashion industry commonly takes words that have historically been used
to describe men's garments and uses them to describe an entirely
different garment, often creating confusion among historians and history
students and readers. For example, currently, the term "culottes" in
French is now used to describe women's panties, an article of clothing
that has little or no relation to the historic culottes. Another
latter-day use of the word culottes describes a split or divided skirt
or any garment which "hangs like a skirt, but is actually pants." culotte a divided skirt; also, a garment
having a divided skirt [Often used in plural]
cummerbund a broad waistband usually worn
in place of a vest with men's dress clothes and adapted in various styles
of women's clothes
cup an athletic supporter reinforced usually
with plastic to provide added protection for the wearer
curch [Scottish] kerchief
that has been purchased at a retail level and then returned to the original
store for various reasons. Some returns are defective, broken or simply
returned for no apparent reason at all. A consumer might return merchandise
because it was bought in haste or by impulse. In this scenario if the original
packaging is not intact or missing a component the retailer will deem it
Salvaged. Defective or broken merchandise is a tricky area, often products
can be repaired if you have the skill required. (definition
provided by Robert Cyr
at RLC Trading)
are private individuals, partnerships,
associations or corporations licensed, regulated and empowered by U.S. Customs
and Border Protection (CBP) to assist importers and exporters in meeting
Federal requirements governing imports and exports. Brokers submit necessary
information and appropriate payments to CBP on behalf of their clients and
charge them a fee for this service.
cutaway a coat with skirts tapering from
the front waistline to form tails at the back
cutoff [Plural] shorts originally made
from jeans with the legs cut off at the knees or higher
cutty sark [Chiefly Scottish] a short garment,
especially a woman's short undergarment
cyan greenish blue. One of the four primary
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