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especially, a cord or sash worn around an ecclesiastical vestment, as an
alb or religious habit
cinereous gray tinged w/ black.
cinnamon a light yellowish brown.
circular knitting or knitting in the round,
is a form of knitting that creates a seamless tube. Originally, circular
knitting was done using a set of four or five double pointed needles. Later
a circular needle was invented; the circular needle looks like two standard
knitting needles connected by a cable between them. Machines also do circular
knitting; these use individual latch-hook needles to make each stitch in
a round frame.
cir a fabric with a cir finish, namely
a highly glazed finish usually achieved by applying wax to the fabric.
A garment with a cir finish, namely a highly glazed finish usually achieved
by applying wax to the fabric
claret a dark purplish red.
clerical collar a narrow upright white collar worn buttoned
at the back of the neck by members of the clergy
cloak a loose outer garment
cloche a woman's small close-fitting hat usually with deep
rounded crown and very narrow brim
clodhopper a large heavy work shoe or boot.
clog a shoe, sandal, or overshoe having a thick typically
cloque a fabric with an embossed design; a fabric
especially of piqu
with small woven figures. Additional definition
for te word cloque provided by an Apparel Search
viewer Sept. 2007 is as follows... Cloque - From the French
word for 'blister', a finishing technique applied to a jacquard or double
cloth of mixed fibres in order to shrink the cellulose content and bubble
up the design. The longer the jacquard float
or the larger the embossed design the more exaggerated the effect.
that is being sold below original wholesale cost. Can be Overstock, Shelf
Pull or Discontinued merchandise.
cloth the word cloth is sometimes used as a generic term
for "fabric". The word cloth also considered a unit of length
for measuring cloth
cloth yard a yard esp. for measuring cloth; specific: a
unit of 37 inches equal to the Scottish ell and used also as a length for
clothes clothing; all the cloth articles of personal and
household use that can be washed
clothes-horse 1) a frame on which to hang clothes.
2) a conspicuously dressy person
clothes-line a line (as of cord or rope)
on which clothes may be hung to dry.
clothes moth any of several small yellowish or buff-colored
moths (esp. Tinea pellionella and Tineola bisselliella of the family Tineidae)
whose larvae eat wool, fur or feathers.
clothes-pin a forked piece of wood or plastic or a small
spring clamp used for fastening clothes on a clothesline.
clothier one who makes or sells clothing. For example,
if the Apparel Search Company sells clothing, they would be considered a
clothing garments, in general; covering.
clutch clutch bag
clutch bag a woman's small usually strapless handbag
Cyan, Magenta, Yellow, Black; the colors used when printing process
color (often referred to as 4-color process). These are special pigment
colors of ink that are very transparent. CMYK is used where a photo
realistic look and many colors are required. The blending of these
4 primary colors can generate the effect of several other colors.
coat an outer garment worn on the upper body and varying
in length and style according to fashion and use
coatdress a dress styled like a cost usually with a front
buttoning from neckline to hemline
coating coat, covering.
coat of mail a garment of metal scales or chain mail worn
cobalt cobalt blue.
cobalt blue a strong greenish blue.
cocoa a medium brown.
a close-fitting cap; a hood-like cap worn under a veil by nuns; a protective
usually metal skullcap formerly worn under a hood of mail; a white cap formerly
worn by English lawyers and especially by serjeants-at-law
Malayalam kayaru - cord) is a coarse fibre extracted from husk, the fibrous
outer shell of a coconut.
processing can be employed only when using
coated fabrics that will naturally resist fray. It is used only for
printed large format poster labels as it allows very large scale labels
to be processed.
color a person's recognition of an object's color is the
result of a complex process involving the response of the brain to the interaction
of light with the object. Numerical descriptions of these three components
( 1. light source, 2. object, 3. observer) are all that is required to calculate
the description of any color with an objective set of numbers. Other factors
certainly influence our perception of color, but without these three components
there is no perception. By the way, blue, black, green, red are all
examples of color. Due to the fact that you are smart enough to use
the Apparel Search glossary, we assume you already now this.
Colorfastness to Crocking (AATCC Test Method 8-2001): This test
is designed to determine the amount of color transferred from the surface
of colored textile materials to other surfaces by rubbing. It is applicable
to textiles made from all fibers in the form of yarn or fabric whether dyed,
printed or otherwise colored. Testing procedures employ white test cloth
squares. Testing is usually done for both wet and dry crocking (wet is cloth
that is wet with water). Color transfered to the white test cloth after
rubbing, is assessed by a comparison with the Gray Scale for Staining or
the Chromatic Transference Scale and a grade is assigned. Because washing,
drycleaning, shrinkage, ironing, finishing, etc., may effect the degree
of color transfer from the material, the test may be made before, after
or before and after such treatment.
color management deals with ensuring
that the colors developed by a company's
design team are successfully
reproduced on the garments that wind up on the retail floor.
collar a band, strip, or chain worn around the neck; a short
necklace; clerical collar. Learn about various
combed cotton Cotton that has had the short fibers and impurities
removed. It is a superior process to the more common treatment called
'carding' because the yarns have less fibers projecting from them.
combing wool long-staple strong-fibered wool
found suitable for combing and used especially in the manufacture of worsteds.
comforter a long narrow usually knitted neck scarf
commode a woman's ornate cap popular in the late 17th and
early 18th centuries
compaction / compacting A technique
utilized to control shrinkage in fabric
cool of a hue in the range violet through
blue to green.
coolie hat a conical-shaped usually straw hat worn especially
to protect the head from the heat of the sun
coonskin an article, as a cap or coat, made of coonskin
cope a long enveloping ecclesiastical vestment
coppery having the reddish to brownish orange
color of copper.
coral a deep pink.
fabric made with ribs. A garment
made of cord fabric, namely a fabric with ribs; trousers made of cord fabric
cotton, rayon, and other textile fibres.
Filling Pile with both plain and twill back.
Made with an extra filling yarn. In the velvet family of fabrics.
Has narrow medium and wide wales, also thick n'thin or checkerboard patterns.
Wales have different widths and depths. Has to be cut all one way
with pile running up. Most of it is ashable and wears very well.
Has a soft lustre.
corduroys trousers of corduroy fabric, namely a durable
usually cotton pile fabric with vertical ribs or wales
cornflower blue a moderate purplish blue.
coronal a circlet for the head usually implying rank or
coronet an ornamental wreath or band for the head usually
for wear by women on formal occasions
corselet a piece of armor covering the trunk but usually
not the arms or the legs; a combination girdle and brassiere
corselette an undergarment combining girdle and brassiere
corset a usually close-fitting and often laced medieval
jacket; a woman's close-fitting boned supporting undergarment that is often
hooked and laced and extends from the torso to below the hips and has garters
costume an outfit worn to create the appearance characteristic
of a particular period, person, place, or thing; a person's ensemble of
outer garments, especially a woman's ensemble of dress with coat or jacket
cothurnus a high thick-soled laced boot worn by actors in
Greek and Roman tragic drama [Also called, cothurn]
cotta a waist-length surplice
cotton a plant of the Genus
Gossypium, which yields fiber for the manufacture of durable and
permanent fine papers and cellulose derivatives. The boll of the cotton
plant is a capsule that bursts open when ripe, allowing the seed and attached
lint (hairs) to be easily picked. The cotton fiber is removed from the seed
by the ginning process. See also Cotton Linters Fiber from
the seed pod of the cotton plant, the use of cotton dates back more than
5,000 years. Quality depends on the length of the fiber, longer being
better, and fiber lengths vary from less than one-half inch to more than
cotton linters the short fibers adhering to cotton seed
after the operation of ginning (seed removal and cleaning). These fibers
are cut from the seed in a series of passes through cutting blades, and
are therefore referred to as, "first - cut linters," "second
- cut linters," "mill run," etc. Linters are used in the
manufacture of cotton fiber content paper and cellulose derivatives.
American Upland Cotton: Representing the bulk of the world
crop, American Upland fiber runs between 3/4" and 1 1/4" .
Egyptian Cotton: Long staple variety from Egypt with fiber
length averaging 1 3/8".
Pima Cotton: an excellent long staple variety grown in Arizona
, New Mexico, Texas and California. It is a cross between Sea
Island Cotton and Egyptian Cotton with fiber length averaging 1 1/2".
The "SuPima" certification mark is used only when the product
is made entirely from Southwestern extra-long staple cotton grown by
members of the SuPima Association of America.
Sea Island Cotton: The very finest and most expensive cotton,
in very limited supply, with a fiber length greater than 1 1/2".
count the count of cloth - the
number of ends and picks per inch in a woven fabric. If a cloth is 64 x
60, it means their are 64 ends and 60 picks per inch in the fabric. A cloth
that has the same number of ends and picks per inch in woven goods is called
a square cloth. For example, 80-square percale, has 80 ends and 80 picks
per inch. Pick count is the term that is synonymous with texture or number
of filling picks per inch.
course the horizontal row of loops
in knit fabric.
couture house fashion designer
coverall a one-piece outer garment worn
to protect other garments [Usually used in plural]
covert a firm durable twilled sometimes
waterproofed cloth usually of mixed-color yarns. woolen
or worsted, also cotton and spun rayon. Twill weave. Made with
two shades of colour e.g. (Medium and light brown). The warp is 2
ply (1 light; 1 dark) and filling 1 ply (dark or same as warp). Very
rugged and closely woven. Has a mottled or speckled effect. First
used as a hunting fabric. Has a clear finish and hard texture. Wears exceptionally
well and has a smart appearance. Light in weight.
cover-up a loose outer garment
cowboy boot a boot made with a high arch,
a high Cuban heel, and usually fancy stitching
cowboy hat a wide-brimmed hat with a large soft
crown [Also called, ten-gallon hat]
cowl a hood or long hooded cloak especially
of a monk
coxcomb [Obsolete] a jester's cap adorned
with a strip of red
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