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chador a large cloth worn as a combination head covering,
veil, and shawl by Muslim women especially in Iran
(chalys) wool-also made in
cotton, hair fibre, rayon, and a silk warp and worsted filling.
Plain weave. Anglo-Indian word "Shallee" meaning soft.
Soft, very lightweight. May be dyed or printed with a delicate floral
pattern, paisleys, or geometric patterns and faint designs. Often
washable. Originated in Norwich England in 1832.
Generally used in women's and children's dresses and blouses, comforters,
kimonos, neckties, and sportswear. In slacks or shorts it would have to
made of Cotton.
Weave: Plain weave or dobby designs on a plain-weave ground. Made
with a dyed warp and a white or unbleached filling. Both carded and
combed yarns used. Has a white selvedge. Some woven with alternating
white and coloured warp. "Faded" look. Has very soft colouring.
Some made with stripes, checks or embroidered. Smooth, strong, closely
woven, soft and has a slight lustre. Wears very well, easy to
sew, and launders well. If not crease resistant, it wrinkles easily.
Originated in Cobrai, France, where it was first made for sunbonnets.
Fabric is napped, sheared, and dyed to simulate chamois leather. It is stiffer
than kasha and thicker, softer and more durable than flannelette. Must be
designated as "cotton chamoise-colour cloth". Plain
weave. Used in dusters,
storage bags for articles to prevent scratching.
Double knit construction. A fine, firmly knit fabric. Has a very short
soft nap. Nylon chamoisette is more often called "glove silk".
Used for gloves.
champagne a pale orange yellow to light
grayish yellowish brown.
chantilly lace a delicate silk, linen,
or synthetic lace having a six-sided mesh ground and a floral or scrolled
chaplet a wreath to be worn on the head
chaps leather leggings joined by a belt or lacing often
with flared outer flaps and worn over the trousers, as by western ranch
charcoal a dark gray.
charcoal fiber Charcoal
is the remainder after natural wood is dissolved by heat without an additive
at a high temperature.(600~1200C) As a pollution-free substance,it consists
of 80~90% solid carbon. It is alkali with
PH8~9. It is also characterized by porosity caused by carbonized cell wall
of wood. The internal surface area of 1g charcoal
is 200~400 m2. In addition, it is very excellent
in absorption, ventilation, keeping warm, water discharging capacity and
heat accumulation capacity. It provides a good deodorization effect by generating
negative ion with property of emitting far infrared rays.
charmeuse 1) a lightweight silk, cotton or man-made fiber
dress fabric which is soft and drapes well. It is smooth, has a semi-lustrous
satin face and dull back. Hard twist yarn is used for the warp with
a crepe yarn filling. It is dyed in the piece or printed. 2)
A soft, lustrous finish produced by mercerizing and schreinerizing.
chartreuse a variable color averaging a
brilliant yellow green.
chased a calendered finish for cotton fabrics that imparts
beetled "bright-and-dim" surface effects.
chastity belt a belt device, as of medieval times, designed to
prevent sexual intercourse on the part of the woman wearing it
chasuble a sleeveless outer vestment worn by the officiating
priest at mass
chaussure footgear; [Plural] shoes.
check a fabric woven or printed with a
pattern in squares that resembles a checkerboard.
cotton, plainweave. Originally
used as a wrapping material for pressing cheese. Loosely woven, thin, light
in weight, open in construction, and soft. Carded yarns are always
used. It is also called gauze weave. When woven in 36"
widths it is called tobacco cloth. When an applied finish is added,
it is called buckram, crinoline, or bunting. In the gray cloth, it
is used for covering tobacco plants, tea bags and wiping cloths. Finished
cloth is used for curtains, bandages, dust cloths, cheap bunting, hat lining,
surgical gauze, fly nets, food wrapping, e.g. meat and cheese, costumes
and basket tops
chemise a woman's one-piece undergarment; a loose straight-hanging
chemisette a woman's garment, especially one, as of lace,
to fill the open front of a dress
yarn of any major textile fibre. Filling of chenille yarns (has a pile protruding
all around at right angles). The word is French for caterpillar and
fabric looks hairy. A fuzzy yarn whose pile resembles a caterpillar.
Do not confuse with tufted effects obtained without the use of true Chenille
filling. Used for millinery, rugs, decorative fabrics, trimmings,
upholstery. Sometimes used broadly to define a fabric woven from chenille
cheongsam an oriental dress with a slip skirt and a mandarin
cherry a variable color averaging a moderate
chesterfield a single-breasted or double-breasted semifitted
overcoat with velvet collar
chestnut a grayish to reddish brown.
wool originally and mostly made from wool from
the Cheviot sheep but today also made of blends, spun synthetics, crossbred
and reused wools. Twill weave (modern version sometimes plain).
Very rugged, harsh, uneven surface that does not hold a crese and sags with
wear. Resembles serge but is much more rugged and coarse and will not shine
because of the rough surface. Often sold as a homespun but true
homespun has a plain weave and very heavy. Also sold as a tweed.
Chiengora is a yarn or wool spun from dog hair. The word is a
portmanteau of "chien", the French word for dog, and "angora."
It is up to 80% warmer than wool  and is not elastic. Often chiengora
is blended with wool during the carding process. This blend has some give
to it, which is preferable when knitting. It is also often blended with
wool in order to create a yarn with less heat insulation.
(Info. for this definition obtained from
Sept. 1, 2008)
chiffon (French for "rag")
Silk, rayon, cotton, synthetics. Plain weave. Lightweight, sheer,
transparent. Made with very fine, tightly twisted yarns.
The tightly twisted yarns could be either in the filling or the warp or
both. It is very strong, despite filmy look. Wears very
well. It is very difficult to handle when sewing and it is best to baste
the pieces over tissue to make it easier. It has slightly bumpy look.
It is best suited to shirring, draping, gathering, tucking, etc., because
it is so limp. If made in a straight sheath style, it should
be underlined with very firm fabric. e.g. faille taffeta.
chimere a loose sleeveless robe worn by Anglican bishops
over the rochet
silk originally hand woven in China of
silk from the Bonabyx mori. Very soft and extremely lightweight but
fairly strong. Irregularities of threads caused by the extreme lightness
and softness are characteristic of the fabric. Mostly for linings
and underlinings, and could be used for blouses.
cotton or wool, and some manmade and synthetics.
Sateen or twill construction with extra fillings for long floats.
Does not resemble true chinchilla fur. Has small nubs on the surface
of the fabric which are made by the chincilla machine. It attacks
the face and causes the long floats to be worked into nubs and balls. Cotton
warp is often used because it cannot show from either side. Made in medium
and heavy weights. Very warm and cozy fabrics. Takes its name from
Chinchilla Spain where it was invented. In cotton, used for baby's
blankets and bunting bags.
cotton , twill (left hand) weave. Combined
two-ply warp and filling. Has a sheen that remains. Fabric
was purchased in China (thus the name) by the U.S. Army for uniforms.
Originally used for army cloth in England many years before and dyed olive-drab.
Fabric is mercerized and sanforized. Washs and wears extremely well
with a minimum of care. Army uniforms, summer suits and dresses, sportswear.
chinos casual men's trousers made
from chino fabric (British), called "khakis" in America.
cotton cloth, usually printed with flowery
patterns, that has a slightly shiny appearance.
weave. Has bright printed gay figures, large flower designs, birds
and other designs. Also comes in plain colours. Several types of glaze.
The wax and starch glaze produced by friction or glazing calendars will
wash out. The resin glaze finish will not wash out and withstand drycleaning.
Also comes semi-glazed. Unglazed chintz
is called cretonne. Named from the Indian word "Chint" meaning "broad,
gaudily printed fabric". Used in draperies, slipcovers, dresses,
chiton the basic garment of ancient Greece worn usually
knee-length by men and full-length by women
chlamys a short oblong mantle worn by young men of ancient
chocolate a brownish gray.choli a short blouse usually worn with a saree
or a lengha. You can vary the collar, sleeve and length. A traditional
garment worn in India.
choker something, as a collar or a necklace, worn closely
about the throat or neck
a short blouse usually worn with a saree or a lengha. You
can vary the collar, sleeve and length as you choose.
chopine a shoe with a very high sole designed to increase
stature and protect the feet from mud and dirt worn by women in the 16th
and 17th centuries
chrisom a white cloth or robe put on a person at baptism
as a symbol of innocence
chukka a usually ankle-length leather boot with two or three
pairs of eyelets or a buckle and strap
chunni or dupatta a scarf
or wrap worn with most Indian garments. The item can be plain or embellished
with embroidery. Traditional garment from India.
churidhar fitted pants with
deliberate snugness around the calf and ankle with gatherings and hooks
for fastening. Traditional garment from India.
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