What are plackets? A placket is an opening in the upper part of
trousers or skirts, or at the neck or sleeve of a garment. The word is
sometimes spelled 'Placquet'.
Plackets are almost always used to allow clothing
to be put on or removed easily, but are sometimes used purely as a
design element. Modern plackets often contain fabric facings or
attached bands to surround and reinforce fasteners such as
buttons, snaps, or
Plackets are almost always made of more than one
layer of fabric, and often have interfacing in between the fabric
layers. This is done to give support and strength to the placket fabric
because the placket and the fasteners on it are often subjected to
stress when the garment is worn. The two sides of the placket often
overlap. This is done to protect the wearer from fasteners rubbing
against their skin and to hide underlying clothing or undergarments.
A button front
shirt without a separate pieced placket is called a "French
placket." The fabric is simply folded over and the buttonhole stitching
secures the two layers (or three layers if there is an interlining).
This method affords a very clean finish, especially if heavily patterned
fabrics are being used. This method is normally only used in
stiff-fronted formal evening ("white-tie") shirts. However, the normal,
separate placket on a shirt gives a more symmetrical appearance.
If the buttons are concealed by a separate flange
or flap of the shirting fabric running the length of the placket, it is
called a "fly front." The inner placket of a fly front shirt can be made
as a less constructed French placket or as a fully constructed regular
Historically speaking a placket may also be:
A decorative front-panel used to fill in the
opening of a doublet or gown (later called a stomacher). Also spelled
A decorative panel or "forepart" attached to a
An opening or slit in a skirt or petticoat to
access a separate hanging pocket.
A petticoat or skirt pocket.
The clothing relevant term placket often refers to
the double layers of
fabric that hold the buttons and buttonholes in a shirt.
Plackets can also be found at the neckline of a shirt, the cuff of a
sleeve, or at the waist of a skirt or pair of trousers.
You may also want to learn about
dress shirts which generally have plackets.