A textile is any kind of
knotted (as in
cloth, or a
non-woven fabric (a cloth
fibers that have been bonded
into a fabric, e.g.
Textile also refers
yarns, threads and
wools that can be
tufted, tied and otherwise used to manufacture cloth.
The production of textiles is an ancient art, whose speed
and scale of production has been altered almost beyond recognition
by mass-production and the introduction of modern manufacturing
techniques. An ancient
Roman weaver would have no problem recognizing a
plain weave, twill,
Many textiles have been in use for millennia, while others
fibers and are recent inventions.
The range of fibers has increased in the last 100 years.
The first synthetics were made in the 1920s and 1930s.
Textiles can be made from a variety of materials. The
following is a partial list of the materials that can be
used to make
Derived from plant products
Asbestos: now has very limited uses.
Glass fibres can be used in the manufacture of textiles
for insulation and other purposes.
metal wire and
metal foil have some uses in textiles, either on
their own or with other materials (see, for example,
A vast range of
man-made fibers can be used in textile manufacture,