Textiles / Textile Definition: Definitions for the Clothing & Textile Industry

Textile Industry  Fashion  Care Labels  Definition List   Fashion Industry News  Machinery Directory


A
textile is any kind of woven, knitted, knotted (as in macrame) or tufted cloth, or a non-woven fabric (a cloth made of fibers that have been bonded into a fabric, e.g. felt).

Textile also refers to the yarns, threads and wools that can be spun, woven, tufted, tied and otherwise used to manufacture cloth. The production of textiles is an ancient art, whose speed and scale of production has been altered almost beyond recognition by mass-production and the introduction of modern manufacturing techniques. An ancient Roman weaver would have no problem recognizing a plain weave, twill, or satin.

Many textiles have been in use for millennia, while others use artificial fibers and are recent inventions. The range of fibers has increased in the last 100 years. The first synthetics were made in the 1920s and 1930s.

Textiles can be made from a variety of materials. The following is a partial list of the materials that can be used to make textiles.

Animal origin

Vegetable

Derived from plant products

Mineral

A vast range of man-made fibers can be used in textile manufacture, including:

Ways of making textiles

Processes

  • Bleaching
    where the natural or original colour of the textile is removed with bleach.
  • Dyeing
    adding colour to textiles: there is a vast range of dyes, natural and synthetic, some of which require mordants.
  • Waterproofing and other finishings.
  • Starching

Uses of textiles

Textiles have been used in almost every possible context where their properties are useful. In cleaning

Learn about Textile Recycling.
 
The above article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Textile).  Modified by Apparel Search 10/19/04

Discussion boards are a great place to meet other members of the fashion industry, get advice, and share information.  This forum was created to discuss the topic of this page.  If you have questions, or information to improve this page, please join in the community discussion below.  Please keep the communication on topic and for the purpose of education.
 
comments powered by Disqus
  Fashion Industry
 
  
 


Apparel Search   Add Your Company   Contact Us   About Us   Advertise   News Letter   Legal   Help
Copyright 1999-2017 Apparel Search Company.  All Rights Reserved.