Previous Page (L1)
liberty cap a close-fitting conical cap used as a symbol
of liberty by French revolutionists and in the US before 1800
life jacket a life preserver in the form of a buoyant
life vest life jacket
ligne A button's ligne, refers
to a button's size. The word ligne, is a French word that became the standard
reference used by German button manufacturers in the early eighteenth century.
Ligne is the internationally recognized standard. Consensus at the time
was that a "ligne" measured the inside diameter of a "round
wick folded flat." One inch is equal to 40 English ligne, 11 French
ligne, and 25.5 mm.
lilac a variable color averaging a moderate purple.
linen a cloth made from
flax and noted for its strength, coolness, and luster.
lingerie women's intimate
linsey-woolsey a coarse sturdy fabric of wool linen
liripipe tippet, scarf
lisle a smooth tightly twisted thread usually
made of long-staple cotton.
liver a grayish reddish brown (also called liver
brown and liver maroon).
liverish resembling liver especially in
livery the distinctive clothing or badge formerly
worn by the retainers of a person of rank; servant's uniform; distinctive
Trademark: Used for a low step-in shoe
lockram a coarse plain-woven linen formerly
used in England.
loden a variable color averaging a dull grayish
green. A thick woolen cloth used for outer clothing.
loincloth a cloth worn about the loins often as the sole
article of clothing in warm climates
long johns long underwear
long staple cotton the staple is
the length of the cotton fiber, and longer fiber length results in the finer,
smoother yarn that is used to weave high quality fabrics.
A loom is a machine
or device for
weaving thread or
Looms can range from very small hand-held frames, to large free-standing
hand looms, to huge automatic mechanical devices.
In practice, the basic purpose of any loom is to hold the
theads under tension to facilitate the interweaving of the
threads. The precise shape of the loom and its mechanics various, but the
basic function is the same.
loop fold (label)
finishing should be employed if a label is
to be installed by sewing across the top edge only. By doubling the
fabric, loop folded labels allow for the application of designs or lettering
on two sides. The back surface of a loop folded label is commonly
used for fiber composition and washing instructions which eliminates the
need for 2 labels (care label & garment label). This form of finishing
is recommended for Poly / Rayon woven labels which will be subjected to
over dye processing as all open ends are very well protected and the possibility
of fray is virtually eliminated.
lounger an article of clothing designed for comfort and
lounge suit [Chiefly British] business suit
loungewear informal clothing usually designed to be worn
Than Load - this
term is generally utilized in the transportation industry. Referring
to freight that does not completely fill a shipping container.
Lurex (trademark) used for metallic yarn or thread.
lurid any of several light or med grayish colors
ranging in hue from yellow to orange.
luster a fabric with
cotton warp and filling of wool, mohair, or alpaca (chiefly British).
luteous yellow tinged w/ green or brown.
lutestring a plain glossy silk formerly much
used for women's dresses and ribbons.
lyart streaked w/ gray; gray (ch. Scottish).
Lycra (trademark) used for a spandex synthetic
Lyocell is produced from cellulose, the main material in plant
cells, and constitutes a new fiber for clothing, hygiene, medical and technical
applications. The production process for Lyocell is extremely environmentally
the fiber has all the advantages of a natural material and is 100% bio-degradable.
Lyocell was developed by Courtaulds Fibers (now Acordis Cellulosic Fibers),
an international supplier of rayon. It entered the consumer market in 1991.
The properties and production processes were unique enough for the Federal
Trade Commission to designate it as a separate fiber group. The trade name
for lyocell produced by Acordis is Tencel
. Lenzing Fibers, another major manufacturer of rayon, has also entered
the lyocell market. This product is marketed as Lenzing lyocell. An improved
fiber, in terms of performance and properties, lyocell is also friendly
to the environment. Virtually all of the chemicals used in the production
process are reclaimed. The resulting fiber, lyocell, is both biodegradable
and recyclable. Lyocell is a manufactured fiber, but it is not synthetic.
It is made from wood pulp harvested from tree farms for this purpose. Because
it is made from a plant material, it is cellulosic and possesses many properties
of other cellulose fibers, such as cotton, linen, ramie, and rayon - another
manufactured but non-synthetic fiber.
Previous Page (L1)