Welcome to the acrylic fiber directory section of the Apparel Search website. In this section, you will find educational information and links to resources relevant to acrylic fibers. If you work in the apparel industry or simply have an interest in acrylic textiles, this is the area for you. If you do not find enough information in this section of our acrylic fibers guide, you may wish to check the textile section or go back to the fiber directory main page for additional textile fiber choices.
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Acrylic fibers are synthetic fibers made from a polymer (polyacrylonitrile) with an average molecular weight of ~100,000, about 1900 monomer units. For a fiber to be called "acrylic" in the US, the polymer must contain at least 85% acrylonitrile monomer. Typical comonomers are vinyl acetate or methyl acrylate. DuPont created the first acrylic fibers in 1941 and trademarked them under the name Orlon. It was first developed in the mid-1940s but was not produced in large quantities until the 1950s. Strong and warm, acrylic fiber is often used for sweaters and tracksuits and as linings for boots and gloves, as well as in furnishing fabrics and carpets. It is manufactured as a filament, then cut into short staple lengths similar to wool hairs, and spun into yarn.
Asahi-Kasei (Japan): Asahi Kasei fibers is the core operating company for all fibers and textiles operations of the Asahi Kasei Group. A wide and expanding range of innovative materials for apparel and industrial applications are produced with the know-how gained through eight decades of industry leadership. Main business: Roica polyurethane fibers, Eltas spunbonds, Lamous artificial suedes, Bemliese cupro nonwovens, Bemberg cupro fibers, Leona nylon 66 fibers, polyester filaments.
Mitsubishi Rayon Group: their acrylic fibers, using acrylonitrile as the principal raw material, are classified into the wet-spun and dry-spun type, according to the production method. Such fibers have the look and feel of wool, and are used in a wide range of clothing, including sweaters, sportswear, underwear and socks, as well as stuffed toys, blankets, and carpets.
Solutia Inc. is the largest producer of acrylic fibers in the United States. Their Acrilan fiber is perfect for hand-knit and crocheted designs due to its soft hand and excellent colorfastness. The popular Remember fibers and Bounce-Back fibers provide unique benefits because they maintain their original shape wash after wash. Acrilan and Bounce-Back make yarns "smart." Address: 3391 Town Point Drive Suite 200 Kennesaw, GA 30152 Phone # 770-951-7600
Toray: Toray Group fuses nanotechnology into its operations, using organic synthetic chemistry, polymer chemistry and biochemistry as its core technologies. In addition to the Foundation Businesses of fibers & textiles and plastics & chemicals, Toray likewise promotes the global development of IT-related products, carbon fiber composite materials, pharmaceuticals and medical products, environment & engineering including water treatment and progress in other pivotal business fields. The features of Toray's fibers & textile business are: (1) their product line encompasses all three major groups of synthetic fibers nylon, polyester, and acrylic; in this business,(2) Toray is known for its capacity to meet requests for supplying a diverse range of products, from filament yarns and staple fibers to textiles and garments; (3) applications for their products widely range from apparel to industrial materials including car airbags, seat belts, and bag filters. On the top of that, sales of advanced materials, such as fluorine fiber and polyphenylene sulfide (PPS) fiber, are also expanding. Utilizing global manufacturing bases such as filament yarn, staple fiber, and textile manufacturing facilities, Toray not only facilitates production and sales in the most appropriate regions, but also provide a global operational structure that organically links these bases. To create a business structure that ensures steady earnings, Toray's fibers & textile business as a Foundation Business is developing new products, constructing a new supply chain management system, expanding its sewn products business, and broadening its overseas operations.
Acrylic is lightweight, soft, and warm, with a wool-like feel. It can also be made to mimic other fibers, such as cotton when spun on short staple equipment. Some acrylic is extruded in colored or pigmented form; other is extruded in "ecru", otherwise known as "natural," "raw white," or "undyed." Pigmented fiber has the highest lightfastness. Its fibers are very resilient compared to both other synthetics and natural fibers. Some acrylic is used in clothing as a less expensive alternative to cashmere, due to the similar feeling of the materials. Some acrylic fabrics may fuzz or pill easily, though there are low-pilling variants. Acrylic takes color well, is washable, and is generally hypoallergenic. End-uses include socks, hats, gloves, scarves, sweaters, home furnishing fabrics, and awnings. Acrylic can also be used to make fake fur and to make many different knitted clothes.