WRAP is a
civil society organization (a “501[c]6 corporation") dedicated to
promoting humane, ethical, and lawful conditions and practices in
manufacturing facilities all over the world. The organization achieves
this in two ways. First, the Certification Program certifies individual
factories for compliance with WRAP's principles and procedures
concerning, fair pay, workers' dignity, safe and secure conditions, and
environmental impact. The Apparel Certification Program has operated
since 2000; programs for other industries will be added in the future.
Second, various training programs educate workers, factory managers,
government inspectors, and others about issues related to global supply
chains and their workers. Apparel producers face growing pressure from
retailers, governments, consumers, shareholders, the media and others to
be held accountable for their global production practices. Labor
standards and factory conditions in industries ranging from toys to
sporting goods have become the subject of standard-setting and
Recognizing the potential for individual manufacturers to adopt
inconsistent standards and unnecessarily duplicate monitoring
efforts, several prominent apparel producers approached the American
Apparel Manufacturers Association to coordinate the industry's role
in addressing these issues. In August 2000, the AAMA merged with the
Footwear Industries of America and The Fashion Association to become
the American Apparel and Footwear Association, the fashion
AAFA is the largest
and most representative sewn products trade association in the
United States with over 700 member companies, including blue chip
manufacturers Sara Lee Corporation, Jockey International, VF
Corporation, Russell Corporation, OshKosh B'Gosh, Tropical
Sportswear International, Gerber Childrenswear. AAFA members produce
more than 85% of sewn products sold at wholesale in the U.S.
the industry began a process to demonstrate its commitment to
responsible business practices and to ensure that apparel is
produced under lawful, humane and ethical conditions. The process
has reached out to many interested constituencies outside the
apparel manufacturing community, including retailers, human rights
advocates, public interest organizations, development agencies, and
the licensing community.
The first result of this process was the development of the
Responsible Apparel Production Principles -- basic standards
that address labor practices, factory conditions, and environmental
and customs compliance. The WRAP Principles received the public
endorsement of the AAMA Board of Directors in 1998. More recently,
the Principles have been endorsed by groups representing apparel
manufacturers from 18 countries around the world. Global support
for WRAP from consumers, manufacturers and governments grows
monthly. Recently, WRAP received the endorsement from manufacturers
in Hong Kong, Sri Lanka and Guatemala. In November 2001, WRAP
welcomed the endorsement of the Textile and Apparel Manufacturers
In addition to the endorsement of the WRAP Principles, the
manufacturing associations and member manufacturing companies are
actively participating in the WRAP Certification Program. The WRAP
Certification Program is the only independent and globally supported
factory certification program requiring manufacturers to comply with
the 12 universally accepted WRAP Production Principles assuring safe
and healthy workplace conditions, and respect for workers' rights.
As of November 2003,
over 700 international manufacturers with over 1300 participating
factories in the program and has certified 570 factories.
Certifications are valid for 12 months and all participating plants
are subject to unannounced compliance inspections as mandated by the
certification program. Many manufacturers have commented that WRAP
has not only resulted in more reliable social compliance, but has
contributed to greater productivity, lower turnover, improved
communications between management and employees, safer working
conditions and improved morale. Today, WRAP is being recognized by
many retailers and manufacturers as the most reliable, yet
economically efficient factory compliance system to assure lawful,
ethical and humane manufacturing.
The WRAP Good Factory Seal of Approval continues to grow and gain
acceptance by sewn products manufacturers, retailers and governments
around the globe.
Apparel Certification Program
The objective of the Apparel Certification
Program is to independently monitor and certify compliance with the
following standards, ensuring that a given factory produces sewn
goods under lawful, humane, and ethical conditions. Note that it is
not enough to subscribe to these principles; WRAP monitors the
factory for compliance with detailed practices and procedures
implied by adherence to these standards.
Compliance with Laws and Workplace Regulations -
Manufacturers of Sewn Products will comply with laws and regulations
in all locations where they conduct business.
Prohibition of Forced Labor - Manufacturers of Sewn Products
will not use involuntary or forced labor -- indentured, bonded or
Prohibition of Child Labor - Manufacturers of Sewn Products
will not hire any employees under the age of 14, or under the age
interfering with compulsory schooling, or under the minimum age
established by law, whichever is greater.
Prohibition of Harassment or Abuse - Manufacturers of Sewn
Products will provide a work environment free of harassment, abuse
or corporal punishment in any form.
Compensation and Benefits - Manufacturers of Sewn Products
will pay at least the minimum total compensation required by local
law, including all mandated wages, allowances and benefits.
Hours of Work - Manufacturers of Sewn Products will comply
with hours worked each day, and days worked each week, shall not
exceed the legal limitations of the countries in which sewn product
is produced. Manufacturers of sewn product will provide at least one
day off in every seven-day period, except as required to meet urgent
Prohibition of Discrimination - Manufacturers of Sewn
Products will employ, pay, promote, and terminate workers on the
basis of their ability to do the job, rather than on the basis of
personal characteristics or beliefs.
Health and Safety - Manufacturers of Sewn Products will
provide a safe and healthy work environment. Where residential
housing is provided for workers, apparel manufacturers will provide
safe and healthy housing.
Freedom of Association & Collective Bargaining -
Manufacturers of Sewn Products will recognize and respect the right
of employees to exercise their lawful rights of free association and
Environment - Manufacturers of Sewn Products will comply with
environmental rules, regulations and standards applicable to their
operations, and will observe environmentally conscious practices in
all locations where they operate.
Customs Compliance - Manufacturers of Sewn Products will
comply with applicable customs law and, in particular, will
establish and maintain programs to comply with customs laws
regarding illegal transshipment of apparel products.
Security - Manufacturers of Sewn Products will maintain
facility security procedures to guard against the introduction of
non-manifested cargo into outbound shipments (e.g. drugs,
explosives, biohazards, and/or other contraband).
Learn more about
apparel industry inspections.
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