The 20th century was a period of creative exploration for fashion designers all over the world. From the opulent gowns of the early 1900s to the punk-rock androgyny of the late '80s and early '90s, the decades of the 20th century saw some of the most iconic and influential fashion designers emerge. Here are some of the most important fashion designers of the 20th century along with their most iconic creations.
Amongst these celebrated visionaries, one designer stands out as the most influential of the 20th century: Coco Chanel. Coco Chanel is arguably one of the most influential fashion designers of all time. She ushered in a new era of fashion with her tailored suits, little black dresses, and signature tweed jackets. Her iconic Chanel No. 5 perfume is still a favorite of many to this day.
Born in 1883 in France, Chanel quickly rose to fame as a revolutionary fashion designer. She was the first to introduce a modern, streamlined style that was both functional and stylish. Her iconic “little black dress” was an immediate hit and has been a staple of the fashion industry ever since. She was also the first to popularize jersey fabric and the use of tweed in clothing.
Chanel’s influence extended beyond fashion. She was an early advocate of women’s rights and championed a new way of living that was both fashionable and liberating. She challenged traditional gender roles and was a vocal advocate for female independence.
Her influence is still felt today, with her signature style, which has been copied and adapted by many designers over the years. Her signature look is still popular, particularly in the form of Chanel-inspired handbags, jewelry, and clothing.
Despite her passing in 1971, Coco Chanel’s influence on fashion and culture endures. She was a trailblazer who not only revolutionized fashion, but also challenged the status quo and paved the way for a new generation of independent women. Her legacy is a reminder that fashion can be both stylish and empowering.
Christian Dior is another iconic fashion designer of the 20th century. He is credited with the invention of the "New Look," which was a style of clothing characterized by a nipped-in waist, full skirts, and rounded shoulders. The style was a radical departure from the androgynous looks of the 1920s and '30s and was a huge hit.
Yves Saint Laurent was another influential designer of the 20th century. He is credited with introducing the idea of ready-to-wear fashion and popularizing the use of denim in high-end fashion. He is also known for his tuxedo suits for women and his iconic Mondrian dress.
Calvin Klein is one of the most recognizable names in fashion. He was one of the first designers to embrace the idea of designer jeans and is credited with popularizing the idea of a designer label. His iconic ad campaigns featuring celebrities like Brooke Shields and Mark Wahlberg helped to make his brand a household name.
These are just a few of the many fashion designers who had a major impact on the fashion world in the 20th century. Other designers include Gianni Versace, Vivienne Westwood, and Jean Paul Gaultier. Each of these designers had their own unique style and vision that helped to shape the fashion of their era.
The 20th century was a period of incredible innovation and change in the fashion industry, with many renowned designers making a lasting impact on the world of fashion.
Here are a few influential fashion designers to research further if you are interested.
Learn about influential fashion designers of the 21st century.
Learn about influencing fashion.
Learn more about fashion history.
Research various important decades in fashion.