|Apparel Search Glossary B (B6) - Garment & Textile Glossary for the Fashion Industry|
|Previous Page (B5) Textile Glossary|
buck an article of clothing, as a shoe, made of buckskin. [Yes, you are correct that a buck also refers to a piece of paper money worth one dollar. Also a buck is a mature male of various mammals (especially deer and antelope)]
buckram a stiff-finished heavily sized fabric of cotton or linen used for interlinings in garments, for stiffening in millinery, and in bookbinding. Softens with heat. Can be shaped while warm. Name from Bokhara in Southern Russia, where it was first made. Also called crinoline book muslin or book binding. The buckram is the liner on the interior of the front of the baseball cap that gives the cap its structure and shape.
buckram backing is stiff fabric used to give shape and form to some garments. For example caps, belts, etc. Buckram backing can also be used to help stabilize embroidery edges.
buckskin [Plural] buckskin breeches.
buff a moderate orange yellow; a light to moderate yellow. A garment, as a uniform, made of buff leather
bulk classing a term used when fleece wools of different brands and descriptions, but of similar type, yield, etc., are emptied out of their containers (bales) bulked together and rebaled under another or various brands into large lines. Grading and pooling of small lots of wool from a number of owners into standard lines.
bulky-weight yarns these yarns knit to a gauge of up to 3-1/2 stitches per inch on size 10, 10-1/2, and 11 US needles, or larger. yarns in this category can range from 500 to 1000 yards per pound. These yarns are used for heavy fabrics such as coats, blankets, and heavy bulky outdoor sweaters. (this definition was kindly provided by Karen at Red Meadow fiber Arts)
bull denim: a 3x1 twill weave piece dyed fabric, made from coarse yarns. Weights can vary from 9 ozs/sq yard up to the standard 14 ozs/sq yard. Bull Denim is essentially a denim without indigo.
bunting a lightweight loosely woven fabric used chiefly for flags and festive decorations.
burgonet a helmet of either of two 16th century styles
burgundy a reddish purple color.
burlap a coarse heavy plain-woven fabric usually of jute or hemp used for bagging and wrapping and in furniture and linoleum manufacture.
burling in the dry finishing department of a woollen or worsted mill, it is the removal of as much objectionable matter as possible from the goods.
burnoose a one-piece hooded cloak worn by Arabs and Berbers [Also, burnous]
burnout fabric is often a blended fabric (cotton/poly for example) which is treated with a chemical to slightly dissolve one fiber in the cloth. The result is a sheer, lacy design that gives the fabric a vintage, worn-in feel. Because of this process, each garment is unique and, similar to tie-dyed or pigment-dyed fabric. There are often variations in the design and color.
burry a term applied to wool containing certain seed pods, mainly of the Medicago species. Wool carrying a percentage of burr. Light burr in combing wools can be removed by the comb or card in manufacture. Heavy burry combing wools and any short types carrying burr or excessive vegetable matter are carbonized before carding.
busby a military full-dress fur hat with a pendant bag on one side usually of the color or regimental facings
bush jacket a long cotton jacket resembling a shirt and having four patch pockets and a belt
bush shirt a usually loose-fitting cotton shirt with patch pockets
business suit a man's or women's suit consisting of matching coat and trousers and sometimes a vest
buskin a laced boot reaching halfway or more to the knee
bustier a tight-fitting often strapless top worn as a brassiere or outer garment
butternut a light yellowish brown.
butterscotch a moderate yellowish brown.
button Button-makers categorized buttons by types of holes, shape, size, and color. Finishers drilled two holes, four holes, or self-shank holes, or inserted a metal shank. Names like fisheye, ring fisheye, French bevel, English rim and cup described the various styles in which holes were drilled. The basic shapes of buttons were disc (two-hole and four-hole), ball (half-sphere), geometric (diamond, prism, square, rectangle, and parallelogram), and realistic (animals, flowers). Sizing in the button trade uses the measure ligne, the traditional English and French measure that is still used today, along with inches and millimeters. One inch is equal to 40 English ligne, 11 French ligne, and 25.5 mm. 12-18 ligne buttons were sold for trim, shirts, and children's dresses; 20-60 size for dresses, jackets and coats; shoe buttons were usually 14 ligne, and specialty buttons were usually 45-60 ligne.
button-down a shirt with a button-down collar
byssus a fine probably linen cloth of ancient times.