Textile News Directory
Linen is a textile made from the
fibers of the flax plant. Linen is laborious to manufacture, but
the fiber is very absorbent and garments made of linen are valued
for their exceptional coolness and freshness in hot weather.
Fabulous for those hot days, but watch out for those nasty wrinkles.
Linen fabric feels cool to the touch, a phenomenon
which indicates its higher conductivity (the same principle that
makes metals feel "cold" to touch). It is smooth, making the finished
fabric lint-free, and gets softer the more it is washed. However,
constant creasing in the same place in sharp folds will tend to
break the linen threads. This wear can show up in collars, hems,
and any area that is iron creased during laundering. Linen has poor
elasticity and does not spring back readily, explaining why it wrinkles
so easily. As you read thru some of the linen news articles you
will find that linen fabrics have a high natural luster; their natural
color ranges between shades of ivory, ecru, tan, or grey. Pure white
linen is created by heavy bleaching. Linen fabric typically varies
somewhat in thickness and is crisp and textured, but it can in some
cases feel stiff and rough, and in other cases feel soft and smooth.
It is important to note that slubs in linen
fashion are NOT a bad thing. A characteristic often associated
with linen yarn is the presence of "slubs", or small knots which
occur randomly along its length. In the past, slubs were traditionally
considered to be defects, and were associated with low quality linen.
However, in the case of many present-day linen fabrics, slubs
are considered as part of the aesthetic appeal of an expensive
Textile fiber News
Definition - Linen is a bast fiber. Flax fibers vary in
length from about 25 to 150 mm (1 to 6 in) and average 12-16 micrometers
in diameter. There are two varieties: shorter tow fibers used for
coarser fabrics and longer line fibers used for finer fabrics. Flax
fibers can usually be identified by their “nodes” which add to the
flexibility and texture of the fabric. The cross-section of the
linen fiber is made up of irregular polygonal shapes which contribute
to the coarse texture of the fabric.
Interesting tips about linen clothing:
Linen is a very durable, strong fabric, and one of the few that
are stronger wet than dry. The fibers do not stretch, and are
resistant to damage from abrasion. However, because linen fibers
have a very low elasticity, the fabric eventually breaks if
it is folded and ironed at the same place repeatedly over time.
Mildew, perspiration, and bleach can also damage the fabric,
but it is resistant to moths and carpet beetles. Linen is relatively
easy to take care of, since it resists dirt and stains, has
no lint or pilling tendency, and can be dry-cleaned, machine-washed
or steamed. It can withstand high temperatures, and has only
moderate initial shrinkage.