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fashion directory  Excell Elastic & Lace Industries (India)  : they are manufacturers of webbings, elastics, laces etc. since three years.  Their products are used for various usage like in hosiery & garments industry, in upholstry, automobile seat covers, packing material in textile process, shoe lace, paper tags, readymade cotton pouches or bags for packing of seeds & some industrial goods. In brief they try to manufacture almost every item in narrow width.  Most of the time they manufacturer products according to specifications given by customers. Once customer approves the sample specimen, they take care to maintain quality & adhere to production schedule.  Address: B 7/6, M.I.D.C. Miraj block Miraj 416410 India Phone: 91-233-2644405 Email:,  Contact: Umesh Shinde - Partner

fashion directory  PS Daima And Sons are Indian manufacturer, supplier and exporter of a wider range of leather lacings. Different kinds of leather are used to make a wide range of leather lacings. Variety of colorful laces & tapes made out of fine quality of leather are used to adorn leather jackets, hunting or hiking boots, chaps, leggings, choker, bracelet ends, caps, stretch cotton suits to give these a special touch. Apart from laces, various other leather items are also manufactured such as leather fabrics, beads, belt blanks, buckles, toggles, braids, buttons, ribbons, fringes, flowers, jewellery and mobile covers.

fashion directory  PT Indoreamas Wiratama: they are shoelaces and garment accessories manufacture since 1991. experience producing any kind of shoelace and apparel garment with polyester, PP, Spoon, latex, and cotton yarns.  They are being supplier for footwear industry whose produce international brand NIKE, Reebok, and Adidas all colors available and and price is always lower than others with export quality and on time delivery.  Address:  Jl. H. Dogol 8a  Jakarta Timur 13440 Indonesia  Phone:  62-21-8440016 or 62-21-8613385 Fax:   62-21-8440017 Email: Contact: Bowo A Nugroho

fashion directory  Yea Jwu Plastics Enterprise Co., Ltd / Armo Plastic Product (Guangzhou) Co. Ltd.:  deal in plastic products in Taiwan. They produce TPU elastic tapes, TPU bra straps, PVC shoes strips, waist belts for garment, etc.  Their elastic tapes are very suitable for underwears, bras, swimwears, sportwears, T-shirts, leotards, briefs, socks, infantwears, pyjamas, childrenwears, pants, lingeries and so on. Their TPU elastic tapes are very soft, thin, slim, and good elasticity. And are very much compete with Mobilon (Japanese).  Their TPU elastic products are made from environmental protection material which with good elasticity. TEhy have certificates of ITS international inspection and European OKO standard. They have factories located in China, Taiwan and Vietnam.  Their group supplies injection molding, extrusion molding, calendaring, molding proceeding, and international trading services.Add: No.89, Bicun Rode, Nangang Town, Huangpu, Guangzhou, China. Tel:86-20-32288902 Fax:86-20-32288428  E-mail:  

Shoe Information from American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons

Shoelaces are thin cords fitted to shoes to prevent the shoe from slipping off by accident. The shoelace can be untied and loosened, permitting the shoe to open wide to admit the wearer's foot; it can then be tightened and knotted. Shoelaces did not become widely popular until the 20th century, previously shoes were slip-on, buckled or buttoned. Buttoned shoes used a special tool, a button hook, to close the buttons but this was slow and difficult.

"Twirly" laces are elasticized laces coiled into a tight helix. The twirly laces can simply be pulled tight . When made for children, they come in a large variety of colours and textures.

The small plastic sheath on the end of shoelaces that keeps the twine from unraveling is called an aglet.

There are many shoelace accessories. There are hooks to help lace shoelaces tightly. They are especially useful for skates where tight lacing is important. Shoelace covers protect the laces, especially in wrestling. Shoelace charms are decorative, as are coloured shoelaces. Some dress codes (e.g. high schools) will specifically exclude colour laces and charms. Lacelocks hold laces together, eliminating the need for tying. Laces can be coated to increase friction to help laces stay tied.

Using standard shoes and standard shoelaces, a process patent was granted for lacing in a double-helix pattern "resulting in reduced friction and faster and easier tightening and loosening". Another process patent was issued for an alternative way of tying shoelaces


Shoelaces can be tied in an almost infinite number of ways. The most common bow, however, is a variant on two half knots tied one on top of the other. A loop is used in the second knot, rather than the simple end of the string, in order to allow for quick untying.

A problem that arises is that two half knots can be tied together in two different ways (ignoring symmetrical configurations). One addition of a half knot to a half knot forms a square or reef knot, an altogether uninspiring knot for the knot aficionado, but a fairly effective one for the purpose of tying shoelaces. While a fairly insecure knot, it functions best when laid flat against a surface as it is on a shoe. The second combination of half knot to half knot gives a granny knot, a knot not good for much at all. It is terribly insecure, and most people who use it will find themselves retying their shoelaces many times a day.

Much discussion has appeared on shoelace tying websites discussing this issue and why it appears that the large majority of people (75% according to one website) are using the granny knot. Some have suggested that it may have to do with children watching their parents and mirroring them, but a total mirroring would produce, if the parent were tying a square knot, a mirror image square knot. A simpler explanation is that if one ties shoelaces first by tying a half knot and then by forming two loops and tying another (as opposed to some speedier technique), and if one consistently puts one hand over the other (left over right or right over left) one gets a granny knot. A square knot is the less intuitive knot and requires switching the top hand. First left over right and then right over left, or first right over left and then left over right. You can generally tell if you have produced the square or granny knot by the direction in which the loops lie. If they lie side to side, you have probably made a square knot. If they lie front to back, you have probably made a granny knot and should teach yourself the other.

Informal experiments seem to show that the need for retying shoelaces will drop dramatically with the square knot.

The above article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (

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