Note: the Cotton Count is
NOT the same thing as thread count.
Ne (Number English) or cotton count is another measure of linear
density. It is the number of hanks
(840 yd or 770 m) of skein material that weigh 1 pound (0.45 kg).
Under this system, the higher the number, the finer the yarn. In the
United States cotton counts between 1 and 20 are referred to as coarse
counts. A regular single-knit T-shirt can be between 20 and 40 count;
fine bed sheets are usually in the range of 40 to 80 count. The number
is now widely used in the staple fiber industry.
Hank: a length of 7 leas or 840 yards (770 m)
- a hank is to a unit of yarn or twine that is in a coiled or
wrapped form (as opposed to other forms such as a ball or a cone or
a bobbin or a spool). This is often the best form for use with hand
looms, compared to the cone form needed for power looms. Hanks come
in varying lengths depending on the type of material and the
manufacturer. For instance, a hank of linen is often 300 yards (270
m), and a hank of cotton or silk is 840 yards (770 m).
One lea – 120 yards (110 m)
- The lea or lay was a British unit of length. The Oxford English
Dictionary describes it as a measure "of varying quantity" and cites
quotations from within various areas of the textile industry which
define it as "80 yards" (1888 note on a 1399 text), "200 Threds
reel'd on a Reel four yards about" (1696), "each lay containing 200
yards" (1704", "eighty threads" (1776), "forty threads" (1825), "300
yards" (1882) and "in worsted 80 yards; in cotton and silk 120