Icelandic: Wool Educational Material for the Clothing Industry

Breeds of Sheep

Wool

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The educational information listed in this section has graciously been provided by the American Sheep Industry Association

Minor Breeds: Icelandic

MATURE BODY WEIGHT

Ram 180-220 lb.
Ewe 130-150 lb.

AVERAGE fiber DIAMETER

Micron
Undercoat 22-19
Outercoat 30-27
Spinning Count
Undercoat 56-46
Outercoat 56-50

GREASE FLEECE WEIGHT

Ewe 4-5 lb.

STAPLE LENGTH

Undercoat 3"
Outercoat 18"

This breed originated in Iceland and is hardy and adapted to harsh, changeable climate and marginal pasture and browse conditions. Ewes are prolific, good milkers and possess exceptional longevity. The Icelandic has historically been a meat breed but is also a noted source of wool for lopi yarn. Fleece colors can be white, tan, brown, gray, or black. The breed is both polled and horned with both sexes capable of horn growth. 

Learn more about sheep & wool from the following resources.

Wool Research 

Wool fiber

Sheep Glossary

Benefits of Wool

Sheep Wool Grades

Wool Definition

Breeds of Sheep

Minor Breeds
 

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