Biretta Headwear Definition Definitions for the Clothing & Textile Industry

Hat Factories  Hat Wholesalers  Hat Retail Stores  Definition List   Fashion Industry News  Fashion

The biretta is a square cap with three ridges or peaks (four for those who hold Doctorates of Sacred Theology or STD), surmounted by a tuft, traditionally worn by Roman Catholic clergy, as well as by some clergy of the Anglican Churches. Historically, the biretta was used by all ranks of the clergy from Cardinals to priests and deacons. Contrary to public opinion, the biretta has not been abolished as a result of changes in regulation of clerical dress and vesture following the Second Vatican Council, but it has fallen into a state of disuse, and is therefore most commonly seen in use by clerics of episcopal rank on occasions where its use is mandated by church rubrics.

Its origins are uncertain but is mentioned as early as the tenth century. The most probable origin of the biretta is the academic hat of the high middle ages, which was a soft, square cap. The medieval academic hat is also the ancestor of the modern mortarboard hat or 'dink' used today in secular universities.

Those worn by Cardinals are scarlet red made of silk, those by bishops are purple, while those worn by priests, deacons, and seminarians are black. The pope does not make use of the biretta, instead he makes use of the camauro. Variations in the color of the tuft of the priest's biretta denote differences in ecclesastical rank for canons, monsignori, etc. Additionally, the holding of certain academic degrees permit clerics the use of various colors of tufts and trim. In previous times, a biretta without peaks was worn by the clerical order of subdeacons. Birettas worn by cardinals, deacons, and seminarians do not have a tuft.



Baseball Caps

Cap Definition

Coif Definition

Clothing Definitions

Straw Hat

Panama Hats

Top Hat


The above article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   6/14/05


Clothing & Fashion Directory

Apparel Link
Buying Groups
Care Labels
Close Out
Conversion Charts
Design Studio
Merchandise Marts
Message Boards

Pattern Maker
Popular Brands
Quality Testing
Sales Reps

Trade Leads
Trade Shows

Apparel Search is the worlds largest and fastest growing business to business database dedicated solely to the Clothing, Fashion & Textile Industry. Through the use of cutting edge technology, and a tremendous amount of "human" effort, we will continue to expand the Apparel Search directory.

Our intention is to provide information regarding all aspects of clothing and fashion.  If you know of any clothing, fashion, or textile related issue that is not currently listed on Apparel Search  please let us know.


Discussion boards are a great place to meet other members of the fashion industry, get advice, and share information.  This forum was created to discuss the topic of this page.  If you have questions, or information to improve this page, please join in the community discussion below.  Please keep the communication on topic and for the purpose of education.
comments powered by Disqus
  Fashion Industry
  Fashion Models

Apparel Search   Add Your Company   Contact Us   About Us   Advertise   News Letter   Legal   Help
Copyright 1999-2018 Apparel Search Company.  All Rights Reserved.