A cardigan is a type of knitted garment that has an open front.
Commonly cardigans have buttons: a garment that is tied is instead
considered a robe. A more modern version of the garment has no buttons
and hangs open by design. By contrast, a pullover does not open in front
but must be "pulled over" the head to be worn. It may be machine- or
The cardigan was named after James Brudenell, 7th Earl of Cardigan, a
British Army Major General who led the Charge of the Light Brigade at
the Battle of Balaclava during the Crimean War. It is modelled after the
knitted wool waistcoat that British officers supposedly wore during the
war. The legend of the event and the fame that Brudenell achieved after
the war led to the rise of the garment's popularity.
Plain cardigans are often worn over shirts and inside suit jackets as
a less formal version of the waistcoat or vest that restrains the
necktie when the jacket has been removed. Its versatility means it can
be worn in casual or formal settings and in any season, but it is most
popular during cool weather.
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Retrieved 10/20/04 and modified 6/22/15.
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