is an individual or in many cases
a business that signs a contract to perform part or all
of the obligations of another's contract.
is hired by a general or prime contractor to perform a specific
task as part of the overall project.
The incentive to hire subcontractors is a cut in cost
to the general contractor while receiving the same or better
service than the general contractor could have provided
by itself. Most subcontractors do work for the same companies
rather than different ones. This allows subcontractors to
further specialize their skills.