Hems / Hem Sewing Definition : Definitions for the Clothing Industry

Fashion    Machinery Directory   Sewing Machines   Definition List   Fashion Industry News

To hem a piece of cloth, the cut edges are folded up, folded up again, and then sewed down. The cut edges are thus completely enclosed in cloth, so that they can't ravel.

A hem is also the edge of the cloth treated in this manner.

The hem may be sewn down with a line of invisible hem-stitch or blind-stitch or sewn down by a sewing machine, usually leaving a visible line of sewing. Modern sewing machines can make many decorative or functional stitches, so the number of possible hem treatments is large. Machines can also sew a reasonable facsimile of a hem-stitch, though the stitches will usually be larger and more visible. Most haute couture hems are sewn by hand for this reason.

Heavy material with deep hems may be hemmed with what is called a dress-maker's hem -- an extra line of loose running stitch is added in the middle of the hem, so that all the weight of the cloth does not hang from one line of stitching.

The term hem is also extended to other cloth treatments that prevent raveling. Hems can be serged (serger), hand rolled and then sewn down with tiny stitches (still seen as a high-class finish to handkerchiefs), pinked with pinking shears, covered with binding, and many other inventive treatments.

  • An overlock is a kind of stitch that sews over the edge of one or two pieces of cloth for edging, hemming, or seaming. Usually an overlock sewing machine will cut the edges of the cloth as they are fed through (such machines being called sergers in North America),
The above article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia ( https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/hem ).  10/19/05

Clothing & Fashion Industry Definitions
fabric & Textile Industry Definitions
Fashion Definitions
Dye & Dyeing Industry Terms
Embroidery Industry Terms
Textile fiber Definitions
Sewing Terms & Definitions
yarns & yarn Industry Definitions
Hat Definitions
Footwear Industry Definitions
Miscellaneous Apparel Industry Terms
Discussion boards are a great place to meet other members of the fashion industry, get advice, and share information.  This forum was created to discuss the topic of this page.  If you have questions, or information to improve this page, please join in the community discussion below.  Please keep the communication on topic and for the purpose of education.
comments powered by Disqus
Fashion Industry

Apparel Search   Add Your Company   Contact Us   About Us   Advertise   News Letter   Legal   Help
Copyright © 1999-2023 Apparel Search Company.  All Rights Reserved.