Bobbin lace is a delicate
uses wound spools of thread (the
bobbins) to weave together the shapes
in the lace. The lace is held in place with
very fine lace pins while being worked and
is made on a
lace pillow (a cloth form traditionally
stuffed with straw or sawdust).
of bobbins are twisted or
to form meshes (also called "ground")
or woven to form solid shapes, depending
on the type of lace made.
Many styles of lace were made in the
heyday of lacemaking (that stretched possibly
between the 1500s-1700s) before machine-made
lace became available.
The advent of machine lace at first pushed
lace-makers into more complicated designs
(ones that the machines couldn't handle)
and then eventually pushed them out of business
almost entirely. The resurgence of lace-making
is a recent phenomenon and is mostly confined
to a hobby status.
Some well-known types of bobbin lace
- Honiton - A very fine English lace
with many flowers
- Torchon - Well-known for its variety
of beautiful grounds
- Cluny - Flowers, braids and picots
make this light and "lacy"
- Bedfordshire lace (Beds)
- this has flowing lines and picots
(to foil the machines)
- Buckinghamshire lace (Bucks)
- also very "lacy" with characteristic
hexagon ground and often with a gimp
thread (a heavier thread worked through
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