is an ancient craft. A lace fabric
is lightweight openwork fabric, patterned, either by machine
or by hand,
with open holes in
The holes can
be formed via removal of threads or cloth from a previously
woven fabric, but more often lace is built up from a single
thread and the open spaces are created as part of the lace
- The most time-consuming but the most flexible
of the lace-making arts, needle lace
is regarded by purists as the height of lace-making.
There are many types of needle lace
i.e. lace made using a needle and thread. Some of
these laces can be made much more quickly than the
finest of bobbin laces. On the other hand, some
antique needle lace is made from a very fine thread
that is not manufactured today.
- As the name suggests, bobbin lace
is made with bobbins and pillows. The bobbins, turned
from wood, bone or plastic, hold threads which are
woven together and held in place with pins stuck
in the pattern on the pillow. The pillows contain
straw or other materials such as sawdust, insulation
styrofoam or ethafoam.
can also be made using copper or silver wire instead
- Cutwork, or whitework, is lace
which is constructed by removing threads from a
woven background, and the remaining threads wrapped
or filled with embroidery.
- This includes Irish crochet.
- Knit lace includes Shetland lace, such as
the "wedding ring shawl", a lace shawl
so fine that it can be pulled through a wedding
- Tatted lace is made with