is a type of
, generally lined with
, so as to protect the face from a combination
of freezing temperatures and wind.
Inuit, who needed clothing which protected them from
windchill and wet, while hunting and kayaking in the
arctic region. Underneath the anorak the Inuit wear warm
clothes. Inuit anoraks have to be regularly soaked with
fish oil to keep their water resistance. Today, the jacket
is named after it because it attempts to be just as waterproof.
Although of Inuit origin, the word "anorak"
is mainly used in Britain, while "parka" is the
almost universal name in the United States and Canada. "Parka"
is used interchangeably with anorak in Britain. An
specifically implied a pull-over jacket without a
button or frogged opening,
but this distinction is now largely lost. In the marketing
of outdoor clothing in America, parka refers to a jacket
with a full-length zipper, while anorak refers to a pull-over
jacket with a half-length or less zipper from chin to mid-chest.
Diagram of the parka part of an early
National Parks Service uniform