In everyday language, a stitch in the context of embroidery or hand-sewing is defined as the movement of the embroidery needle from the backside of the fabric to the front side and back to the back side. The thread stroke on the front side produced by this is also called stich. In the context of embroidery, an embroidery stitch means one or more stitches that are always executed in the same way, forming a figure of recognisable look. Embroidery stitches are also called stitches for short.
Embroidery stitches are the smallest units in embroidery, embroidery patterns are formed by doing many embroidery stitches, either all the same or different ones, either following a counting chart on paper, following a design painted on the fabric or even working freehand
Embroidery uses various stitches and combinations of stitches. Each embroidery stitch has a special name to help identify it, and although they are mostly simple to execute, when you put them together the results can be extremely complex.
- back stitch
- for outlining shapes
- blanket stitch
- as the name implies, an edging stitch to prevent fraying, but also decorative.
- chain stitch
- cross-stitch (or X-stitch)
- Attaching a thread to a piece of fabric by sewing it on. Specialist couching stitches: Pendant couching, Bokhara couching, Square laid work.
- fly stitch
- Looped stitch, suitable for either repeat or random patterns.
- Holbein stitch
- bullion knots
- Used as filling stitch or in a line. Worked by twisting thread around the needle.
- French knots
- bullion knots
- lazy daisy stitch
- running stitch
- stem stitch
- Used for lines and stems, but also used as an infilling stitch.
- whip stitch
- Specialist stitches such as the Quaker stitch used on the Quaker tapestry